|2012 研究助成 Research Grant Program / カテゴリーB: 個人奨励研究 Category B (Individual Research)|
Society and History of the Chinese Yellow Sea Islands: An Anthropological Approach to the Islands
企画書・概要 (Abstract of Project Proposal)
The islands in the frontier areas of China are all used as military compounds, and have been closed off or partially closed off to the outside through government measures. Since the reform and opening-up of the 90s, since State Council ratification is required for infusion of foreign capital into the island regions due to reasons of national defense, these islands have been nothing but passive observers while economic growth in rural lands has instantly accelerated. For example, in the Changshan Islands in the northernmost part of China in Liaoning Province, which is covered in this research, from the latter part of the 90s, industry-boosting government measures known as "marine ranches," with fishing as its main industry, have been advancing, and as a continuation of that, from the year 2000 the opening of the islands and island development for tourism has finally been implemented. However, currently it cannot be said that the progression of this island development has been advanced with the complete agreement of the local society.
The purpose of this research is - using the example of the Changshan Islands in China's Yellow Sea - to use techniques of cultural anthropology to clarify what sort of relationships the people living on the islands known as the "peripheral border" have held in the world of their everyday lives, what sort of characteristic society they have formed in these so-called "islands," and what sort of history they have with the external environment of the country and military compounds surrounding them. Focusing on the Changshan Islands as our research field, we shall perform research looking at the islands of other frontier regions as well.