2012 研究助成 Research Grant Program  /  カテゴリーB: 個人奨励研究  Category B (Individual Research)
(Grant Number)
(Project Title)
「迎福除災」の仮面劇 ―中国・江南地域に於ける「社区」制度とコミュニティの社会人類学的研究
"Ying Fu Chu Zai" through Masked Performances: A Social Anthropological Study of "She Qu" and Community in Jiangnan, China
川瀬 由高
Yoshitaka Kawase
Graduate School of Humanities, Tokyo Metropolitan University
(Grant Amount)
企画書・概要 (Abstract of Project Proposal)


 Considering the background of the emergence of the smallest administrative unit "She Qu" (translated as "community") in Jiangnan, China, this study investigates the real status of this community made up of local inhabitants.
 "She Qu" is the institution, which originally aims to provide inhabitants with welfare-service, and later to stimulate them in making their life better within the community (i.e. She Qu) on their own initiative. However, there is a divergence between "She Qu" as an administrative unit and "community" in the consciousness of inhabitants, which leads to dysfunction of the administrative system. In order to solve this problem, we have to understand the concept of community considered by inhabitants and its status. This study aims to explore the real status of the community based upon daily-life of local inhabitants, through anthropological fieldwork focusing on masked performance.
 Conducting both qualitative and quantitative research and referring to historical materials would contribute to anthropological theories academically, and this study also has real-life implications for improving the welfare system. Another purpose is to keep a record of the society and culture reflecting faithfully the actual situation of local community in the style of ethnography, in order to provide a feedback for the local society. In other words, this study not only follows the tradition of social anthropology, but also has practical aims similar to applied anthropology.

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