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助成対象詳細(Details)

   

2012 研究助成 Research Grant Program  /  カテゴリーB: 個人奨励研究  Category B (Individual Research)
助成番号
(Grant Number)
D12-R-1126
題目
(Project Title)
パレスチナにおけるイスラーム系NGOの活動・効果に関する基礎研究 ―日本の市民社会とイスラーム系NGOの連携に関するヴィジョン・方策の作成に向けて
Baseline Study on the Activities and Impacts of Islamic NGOs in Palestine: Toward the Formulation of Visions and Methods for the Cooperation between the Japanese Civil Society and Islamic NGOs.
代表者名
(Representative)
今野 泰三
Taizo Imano
代表者所属
(Organization)
大阪市立大学大学院文学研究科
Graduate School of Literature and Human Sciences, Osaka City University
助成金額
(Grant Amount)
 1,500,000
企画書・概要 (Abstract of Project Proposal)

日本は、天然資源の確保、市場開拓、安全保障といった点で中東地域に大きな国益を有する。そのため、中東諸国との相互理解を深める試みが長年なされてきた。
他方、中東地域では、イスラーム主義運動が社会に広く浸透し、2011年末の民主化運動「アラブの春」の開始以降は合法的な政治参加を進める。アラブ世界の外でも、トルコでは1995年以降、イスラーム主義政党が与党である。さらに、中東問題の根幹であるパレスチナでは、2006年選挙でムスリム同胞団系ハマースが第一党に選出され、現在はガザ地区を実質的に統治する。ヨルダン川西岸地区でもハマースへの民衆の支持は根強い。
このような現状に鑑みて、日本はイスラーム主義運動との対話・相互理解・協調の必要性に迫られている。だが、市民社会を代表する日本のNGOが主体的にイスラーム系NGOと連携を深め、共同事業を立ち上げることはこれまでなかった。その可能性を評価する実地調査も不足している。そこで本研究では、ガザ地区とヨルダン川西岸地区でイスラーム系NGOの活動実態とニーズを調査し、日本のNGOとイスラーム系NGOの連携および共同事業の可能性と方策を検討する。

  Japan has a significant national interest in the Middle East from both economic and security viewpoints, because this region covers oil and natural gas exporting countries and is a great potential market for the Japanese products. In addition to these economic and political interests, the cultural curiosity toward the Middle East and the religious and psychological attachment among Japanese Muslims and Christians to the region is quite strong. As a result, there have been great efforts in Japan for deepening the mutual understanding and strengthening relations with the Middle Eastern countries at intergovernmental and grass-root levels.
 On the other side of the map, the Islamic movements are growing, spreading and penetrating into the societies in the Middle East. In Arab countries, Islamic movements started to participate legally and more actively in a political sphere, especially since the beginning of the "Arab Spring" in the end of 2011. In Turkey, a political party linked with Islamism has been a leading national party since 1995. The various Islamic movements are also gaining a popular support and becoming strong and influential actors in Palestine, the region which has been a focal point in the relations between Israel and Arab countries as well as between the Western countries and the Middle Eastern countries for long time. Among them, Hamas, the local branch of the Muslim Brotherhood is now the biggest and strongest Islamic party in Palestine. It defeated a secular nationalist party, Fatah, in the 2006 election of the Palestinian Legislative Council, and governs the Gaza Strip de-facto. The grass-root support to Hamas is also persistent and strong in the West Bank.
 Facing this situation in the Middle East, the Japanese government and civil society may now need to seek more dialogues, mutual understandings and cooperation with the Islamic movements. However, the Japanese non-governmental organizations (NGOs), which represent the civil society, are not playing important and valuable roles in this respect and have implemented few joint projects with the Islamic NGOs including community-based organizations (CBOs). Even the field surveys have not been done enough, to evaluate possibilities and methods available for the cooperation between the Japanese NGOs and the Islamic NGOs and CBOs. In this light, this research will focus on activities, values and motivations of the Islamic NGOs in the Gaza Strip and the West Bank, evaluating needs of those organizations and their beneficiaries. Then, it will examine possibilities and methods available for the cooperation between the Japanese NGOs and the Islamic NGOs.

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