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助成対象詳細(Details)

   

2012 研究助成 Research Grant Program  /  カテゴリーA: 共同研究2  Category A: Joint Research (2)
助成番号
(Grant Number)
D12-R-1133
題目
(Project Title)
戦争をめぐる日蘭関係の解決にむけて ―在蘭邦人による「他国史」の内在化と現地のニーズに対応した民間主導の日蘭歴史和解プログラム生成に向けた研究
Seeking a Solution to the Netherlands and Japan Relation over the Pacific War: Research Project of Internalization of "the Other's History" by Japanese Residents in the Netherlands and the Creation of a History Reconciliation Program from Private Sector Initiative that Responds to Local Needs
代表者名
(Representative)
前川佳遠理
Kaori Maekawa
代表者所属
(Organization)
アジア太平洋戦争日本関連史資料および学術連絡支援財団
Foundation for the People Affected by the War in the Pacific: with Japanese archives and contacts
助成金額
(Grant Amount)
 6,500,000
企画書・概要 (Abstract of Project Proposal)

1949年のインドネシア独立後、旧蘭領東インド(旧蘭印)の植民地コミュニティ約35万人(元捕虜の軍人・民間人抑留者・混血オランダ人・日系オランダ人)は、過酷な日本占領期の後、「祖国」を喪失し、見知らぬ祖国オランダへの引揚者となった。彼らとその子孫は、オランダ国民の約10%にも及ぶ。引揚者第一世代が残した対日憎悪は、家族関係にとどまらずオランダ教育政策にも影を落とし次世代に持ち込まれている。戦争が招いた日蘭関係の諸問題は根深く、戦後の公的日蘭交流は、江戸時代に遡る平戸・長崎の文化交流史が中心で、戦争をめぐる問題を極力避けてきた。ゆえに在蘭邦人は旧蘭印引揚者が抱く「敵国たる日本人観」に直面してきた。その結果「他国史」を受け止めようとする一部が、日蘭の歴史和解をけん引している。本企画は、以上の在蘭邦人による民間主導の和解活動を、両国の政治社会的力学から歴史的に位置づけ、英米豪などとの同様の取り組みに共通する課題と、旧植民地人をめぐるオランダに特有の課題を学術的に整理し、具体的なニーズに根ざす歴史和解プログラムの生成をめざす。本課題は両国関係改善のみならず、歴史和解分野における日本の国際社会貢献に大きく寄与すると考えられる。

After the formal independence of the United States of Indonesian Republic in 1949, the colonial community of the former Netherlands East Indies, a population of about 350,000 (ex-POW, ex-civilian internees, Dutch-Indonesian Eurasians including Japanese-Eurasians), lost their "fatherland" after the cruel Japanese Occupation and repatriated to the unknown country, the Netherlands and beyond. These people and their descendants reach 10% of the Netherlands population. The animosity toward Japan, which the first generation held, stayed not only within their family but stretched to the next generations, which also cast shadows on the education policy in the Netherlands. Because the problems of two countries over the war is deeply rooted in society, the official cultural exchange of post war Netherlands-Japan tried to avoid touching the issues directly and tended to be focused on the cultural relations around Hirado and Nagasaki which go back to the Edo period. Therefore Japanese residents in the Netherlands face to be viewed as the "enemy side" by the repatriates from the former NEI. As a result of this, a part of those Japanese that try to accept "the Other's History" lead the initiative to seek reconciliation through the history of the war.
 This research project aims (1) to place those reconciliation activities led by the Japanese initiative within the social political history of Netherlands-Japan relations, (2) to identify and analyze the common issues among similar activities in the United Kingdom, United States and Australia which relate to the post war diaspora of the Netherlands colonial state from an academic point of view and (3) to create History Reconciliation Programs which reflect concrete needs in the Netherlands. This project will contribute not only to the improvement of relations between the two countries but also contribute to Japan's role in international society in the field of Reconciliation over the Pacific War.

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