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助成対象詳細(Details)

   

2013 国際助成プログラム International Grant Program      
助成番号
(Grant Number)
D13-N-0140
題目
(Project Title)
東南アジアにおけるREDDプラス・プログラムの実効的な施行における政策と実施のギャップを埋める ―インドネシア、タイ、ヴェトナム間の協力と学び

Bridging Policy Practice Gap in the Effective Implementation of REDD+ Programs in SE Asia: Collaborative Learning among Indonesia, Thailand and Vietnam
代表者名
(Representative)
シバコティ・ガネシュ
Shivakoti, Ganesh
代表者所属
(Organization)
アジア工科大学
Asian Institute of Technology
助成金額
(Grant Amount)
3,200,000
企画書・概要 (Abstract of Project Proposal)

国際的なスキームであるREDDプラス・プログラムが求める諸活動は、現地コミュニティや先住民、森林劣化による排出ガス削減に関わる森自体に対して多大な影響を与えることが予想される。しかし、現存する森林の保護や森林面積拡大の際、これらの主要なステークホルダーの適切な参加が、合意形成過程に基づく適切なインセンティブを伴って保証されているのかどうかについては明らかでない。多様な資源に囲まれた森林保護区・国定公園内やその周辺のコミュニティは、現地政府、現地・国際NGO、研究者、国際援助機関とともにその利益が尊重されるべき重要なステークホルダーであり、合意形成の主なターゲットである。本企画では、インドネシア、タイ、ベトナムの森林に依存するコミュニティの多様なレベルの活動を実施する。本企画を通じて、REDDプラスのコンセプトの下、地元のステークホルダーがコミュニティ・エンパワメント、貧困削減、持続可能な森林管理などを通じて目に見える利益を得られることが目標である。

Although REDD-plus calls for activities with serious implications directed towards the local communities, indigenous people and forests which relate to reducing emission from deforestation and forest degradation; there is still ambiguity on involvement of these primary stakeholders in enhancing existing forests and increasing forest cover through appropriate incentive agreed upon by the consensus building process. Local communities of diverse endowment, in and around forest protection areas and designated national parks will be the primary target of consensus building since they are the primary stakeholder whose interest should be well addressed in policy together with local government, local and international NGOs, academicians and international funding agencies. This project seeks to implement its activities at multiple levels in the forest dependent communities of Indonesia, Thailand and Vietnam. Towards the conclusion of project we expect a fair tangible benefit to local stakeholders through community empowerment, poverty reduction, and sustainable forest management under REDD plus concept.

実施報告書・概要 (Summary of Final Report)



With the financial and Technical support from Toyota Foundation, the project initiated in collaboration with: (a) Asian Institute of Technology, Thailand; (b) Andalas University, Indonesia; (c) Hue University of Agriculture and Forestry, Vietnam; from November 2013 to November 2014 with active participation from local, provincial, national and regional stakeholders in understanding and devising implications of policies to further workout in proper execution of REDD+. It was found that, Vietnamese forest policies are inclined towards principles of good governance and sustainable forest management with local participation at center stage. Conversely, forest policies of Indonesia  is ambiguous whereby it urges local participation and compliance towards international pledges on emission reduction but still depends on revenues from wood and forest based industries; specifically economic development policies have encouraged agricultural land expansion for oil plantations. Similarly, unclear benefit sharing mechanisms, lack of clarity on existing policies and tenure arrangement shuffled with identifying national parks as pilot sites for REDD+ have foreseen conflicts in Thailand. The skepticism on success of REDD+ mechanisms arisen with lack of policy clarity and complexities to address various drivers of deforestation in Thailand and Indonesia. The finding suggests that with integration of FPIC and reducing policy complexities with clear national mandate for transparent benefit sharing is crucial for undertaking REDD+ interventions in these three countries.

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