The project will look into the reintegration/integration of international migrant workers in the migration and development nexus. Governments from different countries like Indonesia, Philippines and Thailand saw the need to have policies relating to the reintegration/integration of migrant workers because of the magnitude of its impact in their country’s development. There are different factors that should be considered in order to shape the reintegration/integration policies like what kind of migrant does the current policies cater to? Are these policies targeted for highly skilled workers or for unskilled workers? In addition, it is also important to identify the main problem hindering the development of reintegration/integration programs and services. The project intends to present these factors, problems and policies in national and regional workshops in order to share them with the communities, to understand the patterns of migrant worker flows better and for policymakers to propose better targeted support policies and sustainable programs and services.
実施報告書・概要 (Summary of Final Report)
The project looked into the role of reintegration / integration of international migrant workers into the migration and development nexus. Governments of both sending and receiving countries like Indonesia, Philippines and Thailand saw the need to have explicit policies on reintegration/integration of migrant workers because of the magnitude of their impact in their respective country’s development. Furthermore, the importance of officially recognizing reintegration / integration as an important component of comprehensive migration management has been acknowledged. The studies reviewed the reintegration / integration experience of three ASEAN countries Indonesia, Philippines and Thailand. The results showed that the reintegration policies in Indonesia are still embedded in general migration policies rather than have specific the objective of reintegration. This led to sporadic, insufficient and uncoordinated reintegration efforts. In contrast, in the Philippines, official recognition of the importance of reintegration of migrant workers was as early as 1995 under RA 8042. While this has led to creating reintegration institutions spanning several departments, the resources devoted to it remains meager. Meanwhile, host country Thailand has a different policy type. Their policy for integration is to provide the same protection to migrant workers as those provided to Thai workers.