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助成対象詳細(Details)

   

2013 研究助成 Research Grant Program  /  共同研究助成A2  
助成番号
(Grant Number)
D13-R-0055
題目
(Project Title)
インド北部ラダークの村落における「物産誌」の製作 ―山地村落からの顔の見える地域像の発信
"Product-based Ethnography" of a Ladakhi Village in Northern India: Challenges of Alternative Approaches to Research Aimed at Contributing to Local Societies
代表者名
(Representative)
月原 敏博
Toshihiro Tsukihara
代表者所属
(Organization)
福井大学教育地域科学部
Faculty of Education and Regional Studies, University of Fukui
助成金額
(Grant Amount)
 3,500,000
企画書・概要 (Abstract of Project Proposal)

 山地の過疎化は深刻な課題である。インド北部の山岳地帯ラダークではその対策として、山岳トレッキングによる観光客誘致、アンズを特産品とした商品開発をおこなってきた。これらの試みは地域の特徴を象徴化して外部者に解り易く説明した反面、その恩恵は象徴化された事物を有する一部に集中し、更なる地域内格差を生み出した。また、解り易く象徴化された地域像は差別化が難しく、没個性化した側面も否めない。
 山地では、苛酷な環境での生存基盤安定のために多様な物産が生産されてきた。各々の集落や世帯には役割があり、それらの複合によって地域が形成されてきた。象徴化された物産はその一部に過ぎない。そういった多様性と複合システムを地域の魅力として発信できれば、単なる商品やトレッキングではなく、当該村落への関心を喚起して人びとを誘致できる。
 本課題では、1つの村落で「物産誌」を製作し、その背景にある山地の生態環境や伝統知識、社会システムも示す。これらを地域の魅力として発信することで新たな地域振興を試みる。本申請課題は、一次資料を抽象化して学術論文にする従来の研究表現に対して、個別性を有しながら地域像を伝える試みであり、地域貢献を目的とした新たな研究表現の構築を兼ねる。


 Depopulation and industrial decline of rural communities are critical issues in mountainous regions. Thus, in many mountain societies, including Ladakh, a steep mountainous region in northern India, people have made efforts to attract tourists by promoting mountain trekking and developing specialty products, using local crops and animals. By showing recognizable images of the region to outsiders, these approaches have been somewhat successful; however, their benefits seem to have accrued only to a limited number of people in areas surrounding popular sites, and to those selling popular local products. Moreover, as symbolic images of mountains are common to all mountainous regions, they can hardly serve to meaningfully differentiate one region from another.
 People living in harsh mountain conditions have traditionally utilized diversified crops, animals, and forest products for earning a stable livelihood. It is a complex system where each settlement and household takes up varied roles to emerge as traditional communities. In such a complex system, products that symbolize development play a very small part. We have considered only those systems that have a relation between the environment and people living in the mountains, as these systems per se should be the resources for attracting outsiders.
 Based on a detailed survey undertaken in a Ladakhi village, this project aims to publish an article on "product-based ethnography." In this article, we will not only present special products of local origin, but also explain the ecological background and social system that sustain the production of such specialties. The "product-based ethnography" article is an integrated academic paper and guide book meant for members of the general public interested in knowing about the livelihoods of people living in mountainous regions, and to encourage them to visit those places.
 Researchers working in a certain village usually want to present their papers to academic societies, and do not always link their work with the development of a village. We have however tried to proactively suggest an alternative approach to research that can contribute to local societies.

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