2013 研究助成 Research Grant Program  /  個人研究助成B  
(Grant Number)
(Project Title)
「野の医者」の医療人類学 ―沖縄本島における混淆する治療文化と心理療法
Medical Anthropology of "Savage Healers": The Hybridized Healing Cultures in Okinawa Island and Psychotherapy
東畑 開人
Kaito Towhata
Nakama Clinic
(Grant Amount)
企画書・概要 (Abstract of Project Proposal)


 Okinawa Island has pluralistic health care systems that range between modern medicine and traditional shamanism. "Savage healers" who mix the plural healing cultures play an active role in Okinawan health care system. For example, there are psychiatrist who dispels an unclean spirit, acupuncturist who uses self-enlightenment psychology, and Okinawan indigenous shaman "Yuta" who practices Naikan therapy.
 The present research investigates first the real activities of those healers, by paying special attention to their life histories, their therapeutic theory and technique in practice, personality of their clients, through a comprehensive field work. Second, both qualitative and quantitative interpretation will be made of the collected data, in order to elucidate the hybridization of such healing cultures.
 The proposed study is expected to shed light on the complication of modern healing cultures and reexamine the existing healing cultures. Especially, my attention is paid to the fact that Savage healers use and hybridize the theories and techniques of many schools of psychotherapy. To reexamine the psychotherapy in the context of culture, the complication is studied and the investigator's own experience of psychotherapy in Okinawa Island is analyzed. Consequently, an alternative way of "care" will be sought for. 

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