2013 研究助成 Research Grant Program  /  共同研究助成A2  
(Grant Number)
(Project Title)
放射能汚染地域の文化保全と避難者の心の救済 ―チェルノブイリと福島
Post-Catastrophe Cultural Psychotherapy: Lessons from Chernobyl and Fukushima
家田  修
Osamu Ieda
Slavic Research Center, Hokkaido University
(Grant Amount)
企画書・概要 (Abstract of Project Proposal)


 Chernobyl is a part of Polesia, which was eventually contaminated by radioactive substances released from the nuclear accident at Chernobyl in 1986, but is, otherwise, known as the home land of the Slavic peoples. Polesia sounds like as Nara or Yamato for the Japanese. The nuclear catastrophes destroyed not only the lives of the residents, but also the old cultural tradition in the area. The Ukrainian anthropologists have been collecting the folklore from the evacuees these years, and one of the most important findings is that the evacuees psychologically recover themselves through telling about their own lives and local folklores in their own words.
 As parallel, East Fukushima, which is also polluted, has rich folklore, and the residents were proud of it. Moreover, bio-agriculture and green-countryside movements were popular there, and they attracted the young generation. Now these values suddenly disappeared due to the nuclear accident and the following residential evacuation, though it is reported that the evacuees are psychologically salvaged by the preservation actions of folklore and local traditions.
 This research project, learning the active knowledge in the Ukrainian anthropology, carries interviews from the evacuees from the Fukushima accident about the rich tradition, the quality of live, the local ecosystem, and their personal histories. We elaborate the new findings into a model, and create a new vision for the world in order to make the affected area rebirth from the post-catastrophe damages through corroboration of the two tragic areas.

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