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助成対象詳細(Details)

   

2013 研究助成 Research Grant Program  /  個人研究助成B  
助成番号
(Grant Number)
D13-R-0562
題目
(Project Title)
加害と再犯を防ぐための行動変化サポートに関する研究 ―思考・行動認知と当事者の相互作用に注目して
Study on Behavior Change Support to Prevent Criminal Act and Reoffending: Focusing on Cognition of Thought and Behavior, and Interaction among Inmates
代表者名
(Representative)
田辺 裕美
Hiromi Tanabe
代表者所属
(Organization)
大阪大学大学院人間科学研究科
Graduate School of Human Sciences, Osaka University
助成金額
(Grant Amount)
 700,000
企画書・概要 (Abstract of Project Proposal)

 近年、刑務所を出所しても帰る先が無い人が増加している。受刑中に家族との縁、住居、職業、コミュニティとの結びつきを失うことから、出所者を取り巻く環境は厳しい。こうした状況を背景に再犯者率も増加し、昨年度は過去最悪の43%に達した。我が国では戦後60年の総犯罪の6割が再犯者によって行われており、出所者の再犯防止対策は喫緊の課題である(法務総合研究所 2012)。
 しかし、我が国においては出所者への追跡調査がこれまで行われておらず、その後の動向が知られていない。出所後の再犯に影響する要因、再犯を防ぐ要因が明らかになっていない。
 申請者は出所者にインタビューを行い、再犯につながる要因と再犯を防ぐ要因を明らかにしようと試みた。その結果、刑務所で自ら思考・行動の誤りを見つけ、受刑者同士の語り合いを重視する教育プログラムが再犯防止に効果的であることがわかったが、概括的なインタビューでは「プログラムの何が行動変化に寄与しているのか」を明らかにできなかった。
 今後、上述の教育プログラム修了・出所者に絞ってインタビューを行い、出所後にどのような困難を経験し、プログラムでの学びがどのように行動変化・再犯回避に影響したと感じているのかを検討することで再犯回避の促進要因をより詳細に捉える事が可能となる。


 In recent years, released inmates who have no home to return to after prison are increasing. The environment surrounding released inmates are harsh because they have lost family bonds, residence, employment, and relations with community while serving their sentences. Against such background, the rate of repeat offenders has continued to increase consistently from 1997 and reached 43% in 2011, the worst rate ever. In Japan, around 60% of the offenses were committed by repeat offenders during about 60 years from 1948, and therefore, countermeasures against repeat offenders are very important in considering criminal justice policy (Research and Training Institute of the Ministry of Justice, 2012).
 Despite the seriousness of the situation, follow-up studies of released inmates have not been conducted so far, and their situation after prison in the Japanese society is largely unknown. Consequently, factors promoting and preventing the offenses being repeated are still not clear.
 I have interviewed some released inmates to clarify these factors and their re-entry process. As a result, I found that correctional education programs in prison focusing cognitive and behavioral distortions, and interaction among inmates (Therapeutic Community Program) would be effective in preventing them of repeating their offenses after release. However, I could not clarify the question, "What in these programs makes behavioral change in and after prison?" from the general interviews made with them so far.
 Therefore, I will focus attention on released inmates who have finished the correctional education programs mentioned above. Examining from their interviews, what difficulties they experienced after release and how they applied what they had learned from the programs to avoid relapses in the face of difficulties, it is expected that the factors preventing them of repeating their offenses would be clear and thus we would be able to take effective countermeasures.

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