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助成対象詳細(Details)

   

2013 研究助成 Research Grant Program  /  共同研究助成A2  
助成番号
(Grant Number)
D13-R-0843
題目
(Project Title)
既存建築を使い続けていくための諸制度見直し研究
Towards a Proposal to Improve the Legal System for the Continual Use of Historical Buildings

代表者名
(Representative)
鰺坂  徹
Toru Ajisaka
代表者所属
(Organization)
鹿児島大学大学院理工学研究科
Graduate School of Science and Engineering, Kagoshima University
助成金額
(Grant Amount)
 3,100,000
企画書・概要 (Abstract of Project Proposal)

 JR東京駅の例を筆頭に、近年、歴史的建造物を使い続けながら保存していこうという関心が高まってきている。一方で、防災面の強化、建築基準法の適用の厳格化などにより、歴史的建造物の増改築や用途変更などがますます難しくなってきている。建築は使い続けていかないと朽ち果てていくものであり、現代社会において、保存再生は機能性の向上や用途変更等の改造が不可欠である。
 そうした社会的状況に対して、我が国の諸制度は「新築」の建築物に対して適用されることを前提に作られているため、消防法や建築基準法など審査や運用に、様々な見直しが求められている。我が国の文化遺産である歴史的建造物を使い続け、文化の継承を図るためにも、先進的欧米事例も参考とし関連する諸制度全般を見直し、関係省庁に要望書として提言したい。
 提言に当たっては、法制度の専門家である弁護士会の専門委員の協力を仰ぎ、より具体的で、実効性のある要望書としてまとめる。まとめた要望書は、シンポジウム等で広く社会に問いかけ、さらには国交省、文化庁、総務庁等の関連省庁に提出し、改善を働きかけていく予定である。



 In recent years, as in the leading example of the JR Tokyo Station, there is a growing interest in "living heritages", historical buildings that have been preserved while utilized. On the other hand, it is becoming more difficult to add on to or refurbish such historical buildings, or change their use because of the need for disaster prevention and the strict application of the Building Standards Act. If buildings are not continuously used, they will deteriorate. In modern societies, in order to preserve and restore historical buildings, it is essential to improve their functions, change their use, or repair them.
 To respond to such circumstances, it is necessary to review, in various aspects, the examination rules and the actual application of the Building Standards Act and the Fire Service Act from the point of view that the existing legal system in Japan including these laws has been legislated on the premise that    it should be applied basically to "new" buildings. In order to promote the continual use of historical buildings that are the precious heritage of Japan and to preserve Japanese culture for the next generation, we will refer to cases in Europe and the U.S. and will review the related legal systems in general. Subsequently, we will submit a proposal to relevant ministries and agencies to improve the laws.
 In submitting the proposal, we will consult with expert advisors of the Tokyo Bar Association, legal experts of the relevant laws, and create a practical output. We will widely ask the general public for its opinions at symposiums, etc. In addition, we will submit the proposal to associated ministries and government offices such as the Ministry of Land, Infrastructure and Transport, the Agency for Cultural Affairs, and the Ministry of International Affairs and Communications. In this manner, we will aim to specifically improve the laws related to historical buildings.

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