2014 イニシアティブ助成 Initiative Grants      
(Grant Number)
(Project Title)
An impact survey on implementation of Charities Act 2006
太田 達男
Tatsuo Ohta
The Japan Association of Charitable Organizations
(Grant Amount)
企画書・概要 (Abstract of Project Proposal)


The aim of this project is to review our legal system and a role of charitable and non-profit organizations in Japan by studying the experiences in the UK.
 The Charities Act 2006 provided a new statutory definition of charity, based on a list of headings of charitable purposes, and re-emphasized the importance of public benefit. The Act also gave the Charity Commission a new objective of promoting awareness and understanding of the public benefit requirement, and of issuing guidance on public benefit.
 The Charities Act 2006 legislated for a new legal form of incorporation designed specifically for charities, the Charitable Incorporated Organization(C.I.O.), with powers similar to a company but without the need to register as a company. 
A new type of company called Community Interest Company(C.I.C.) was also introduced by the UK government in 2005 under the Companies Act 2004, designed for social enterprises that want to use their profits and assets for the public goods.
 It's been 7 years since the new Act came into effect in November 2006 and it seems the legal environment and nature of the society has changed from the past 7 years of their operation.
 The UK's experience is very useful and helpful for us to know the status how charity commission operate or regulate under the new Act and what kind of impact does the Charities Act 2006 and new legal forms, C.I.O. and C.I.C. have on society because Japan also had an experience on implementing Public Interest Corporation legal institutional reforms in 2008.
It is expected that all the outcomes of the study will be relevant to us when we create better P.I.C. system by advocating against policy makers in Japan.

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