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助成対象詳細(Details)

   

2014 イニシアティブ助成 Initiative Grants      
助成番号
(Grant Number)
D14-PI-0001
題目
(Project Title)
2006年英国チャリティ改革後の変容調査
An impact survey on implementation of Charities Act 2006
代表者名
(Representative)
太田 達男
Tatsuo Ohta
代表者所属
(Organization)
公益財団法人公益法人協会
The Japan Association of Charitable Organizations
助成金額
(Grant Amount)
2,000,000
企画書・概要 (Abstract of Project Proposal)

英国においては、2006年に抜本的なチャリティ法の改正があり、その結果現在までの7年間に大きな変貌を遂げたといわれている。
 この時期は日本においても、第三者委員会の役割や税制と認定の関係など英国新旧制度を参考にしつつ公益法人制度改革が行われた。その移行が終了し、普及定着期に至った今日、制度改正が市民社会セクターに及ぼした影響とその変貌について英国を先行事例として改めて比較研究することは、今後の日本の制度改正や公益法人・非営利法人の在り方の検討に大いに参考になると思われる。

The aim of this project is to review our legal system and a role of charitable and non-profit organizations in Japan by studying the experiences in the UK.
 The Charities Act 2006 provided a new statutory definition of charity, based on a list of headings of charitable purposes, and re-emphasized the importance of public benefit. The Act also gave the Charity Commission a new objective of promoting awareness and understanding of the public benefit requirement, and of issuing guidance on public benefit.
 The Charities Act 2006 legislated for a new legal form of incorporation designed specifically for charities, the Charitable Incorporated Organization(C.I.O.), with powers similar to a company but without the need to register as a company. 
A new type of company called Community Interest Company(C.I.C.) was also introduced by the UK government in 2005 under the Companies Act 2004, designed for social enterprises that want to use their profits and assets for the public goods.
 It's been 7 years since the new Act came into effect in November 2006 and it seems the legal environment and nature of the society has changed from the past 7 years of their operation.
 The UK's experience is very useful and helpful for us to know the status how charity commission operate or regulate under the new Act and what kind of impact does the Charities Act 2006 and new legal forms, C.I.O. and C.I.C. have on society because Japan also had an experience on implementing Public Interest Corporation legal institutional reforms in 2008.
It is expected that all the outcomes of the study will be relevant to us when we create better P.I.C. system by advocating against policy makers in Japan.
 

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