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助成対象詳細(Details)

   

2014 研究助成 Research Grant Program  /  A 共同研究助成  
助成番号
(Grant Number)
D14-R-0126
題目
(Project Title)
タンザニアにおける小型水力発電と住民交流を基盤とした環境保全に関する実践的研究
The Practical Study on Environmental Conservation Based on the Pico Hydro Power and Farmers' Exchange in Tanzania
代表者名
(Representative)
黒崎 龍悟
Ryugo Kurosaki
代表者所属
(Organization)
福岡教育大学教育学部
Faculty of Education, Fukuoka University of Education
助成金額
(Grant Amount)
 6,400,000
企画書・概要 (Abstract of Project Proposal)

アフリカ諸国の多くの農村地域で経済の活性化と環境保全の両立が喫緊の問題となっている。特に、効果を得るまでに時間のかかる環境保全事業へ住民の継続的な参加を促す手法を深めていくことが不可欠である。私たちはこのことを念頭に、これまでタンザニア南部高地の諸地域において実践的地域研究を進めてきた。2010年以降は、環境保全の強力な動機付けとなる小型水力発電に着手し、現地の住民主体の水力発電に学びつつ、日本の在来技術も応用し、さまざまな河川環境に対応する小型水力発電の実践に取り組んできた。途上国における開発支援は「マイナスの状態からの復興」が目的化されがちであるが、電力利用という現代的ニーズを満たしつつ、かつローカルに展開し得る技術は、地域のポジティブな発展に大きく寄与し、また、住民主体の環境保全の原動力となる可能性を秘めている。本企画では、私たちが活動を展開してきた4地域間の住民交流事業を積極的に進めることで、相互に刺激を喚起しつつ、発電技術・環境保全技術の適正化と社会への定着を図る。そのプロセスを学際的視点から記録し、住民を主体としたエネルギー地産地消型の環境保全活動のモデルを展望する。

     It is indispensable to satisfy both of vitalization of rural economy and forest resource management in rural Africa. It is especially important to promote continuous participation of rural people in environmental conservation which takes long time to be effective. To keep this in mind, our team has conducted practical research to support endogenous rural development in some areas in southern highlands of Tanzania. Since 2010, we have started small trial of pico hydro power which is supposed to stimulate people's motivation of afforestation and environmental conservation. We have made the pico hydro power systems which adopted to fluvial environment by learning from pico hydro powers made by rural people's spontaneous initiative as well as ideas of Japanese traditional turbine.  
     Technical assistances in developing world tend to aim "recovery from bad condition". However, pico hydro power, which meets the recent socio-economic needs by applying the technology available in rural areas, may contribute to positive rural development as well as to promote motivation for environmental conservation.
     In this project, our team aims to promote pico hydro power with environmental conservation activities through farmers' exchange programs among 4 areas where we have been working. By doing this, we including Japanese researchers and technicians, stimulate each other creative improvement of generating technology and environmental conservation technology. These technologies will be improved appropriately for each community's environmental and social contexts. We document and examine the process from the interdisciplinary views and put the results in perspective for environmental conservation model-local production for local consumption of energy in rural Africa.

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