HOME

助成対象詳細(Details)

   

2014 研究助成 Research Grant Program  /  A 共同研究助成  
助成番号
(Grant Number)
D14-R-0201
題目
(Project Title)
移住の拡大と東南アジアにおける「孝」の概念 ―アジアの核心的価値に与える移住の影響
Migration and Southeast Asian Filial Piety: The Impact of Mobility on a Core Asian Value
代表者名
(Representative)
ジュリアン・CH・リー
Julian CH LEE
代表者所属
(Organization)
ロイヤルメルボルン工科大学デザイン・社会関係学部
College of Design and Social Context, Royal Melbourne Institute of Technology
助成金額
(Grant Amount)
 2,000,000
企画書・概要 (Abstract of Project Proposal)

  子の親に対する孝行心は、重要なアジア的価値の一つとして広く認められ、宗教や文化が異なる集団の間にも共通して見られる精神である。子は親に敬意を持ち、年老いた親の老後の面倒を見る義務を負ってきた。しかし、アジア内外への移住者の増加に伴い、老親の世話という長年の伝統を維持することは次第に困難になっている。アジア各国の政府と国民は、孝行心という文化遺産を保ちつつグローバル経済の要請に応えようと腐心している。本プロジェクトでは、移住の増加が孝行心というアジア的価値に与える影響と、移住によって生じる諸問題の解決に「遠距離介護」という切り口がどのような役割を果たしているのかを考察する。具体的には、インドネシア、マレーシア、オーストラリアから移住した人びとおよび、これらの国々に移住した人びとを対象に調査を実施し、親孝行するために、彼らがどのように遠距離介護を実践してきたのかを調査する。グローバル化が進むアジアにおいて、「孝」の概念がどのように変化し、遠距離介護という新たな価値観が生まれたのか、また、親に対する務めを果たすために移住者が利用する社会的・経済的・法的な仕組みについて調査する。

  Filial piety is widely regarded as a key 'Asian value' that can be observed across diverse religious and cultural groups. This respect for parents implies obligations on offspring to take responsibility for parents' welfare as they age. However, increased migration within and beyond Asia has challenged the ability for people to maintain this tradition. People and governments in Asia are attempting to come to terms with the legacies of their culture and the demands of the global economy. This project will investigate the impact of Asian migration on the value of filial piety and how the notion of 'care at a distance' addresses some of the problems created by migration. It seeks to learn from migrants to and from Indonesia, Malaysia and Australiaon how they have negotiated the demands of filial piety and practised 'care at a distance'. It asks how filial piety has evolved and 'care at a distance' has developed as a value in globalizing Asia, and what social, financial, legal, and other mechanisms migrants employ to meet their obligations.

実施報告書・概要 (Summary of Final Report)



This project examined the ways in which families that were spread across Malaysia, Indonesia and Australia sought to maintain the value of ‘filial piety’ despite being disrupted across different countries. Filial piety is widely regarded as a key 'Asian value' that can be observed across diverse religious and cultural groups. This respect for parents implies obligations on offspring to take responsibility for parents' welfare as they age. However, increased migration within and beyond Asia has challenged the ability for people to maintain this tradition. People and governments in Asia are attempting to come to terms with the legacies of their culture and the demands of the global economy. Governments face social issues and economic impacts relating to the neglect of elderly citizens by their offspring who choose not to, or are unable to, offer practical care for their parents when they work far away. The neglect of some parents ha led to ‘filial piety laws’ being enacted (as in China) or proposed (as in Malaysia) to compel children to care for parents.
Therefore, this project had as its objective the examination of how people can actively and successfully maintain their bonds of filial piety despite members being so distant from each other. This research thus responded to Professor Toshio Kuwako’s call for research that is “practical and responsive” and which “addresses long-term issues on a global scale and across generations by examining the current structure of society and the way we live”. The three families examined included those of differing religious traditions, including Islam and Buddhism, and this project examined the everyday ways in which filial piety was maintained, but also the special or ritual occasions on which filial piety bonds were especially strengthened. While the usefulness of technology in maintaining bonds was predictable, the profundity of special occasions and rituals – such as celebrating New Year and weddings together – was an important finding. This is because such rituals are sometimes regarded as ‘empty’ and lacking meaning, but in our examples, they were of immense importance and meaningfulness.
To undertake this project and to create a key output – a documentary – the three families, which originated in Malaysia, Indonesia and Australia, were interviewed and filmed in the course of their interactions with each other. Interviews took place during both ‘everyday’ and important moments during their lives. An example of an ‘everday’ moment, included audio-visual conversations using Skype/internet, which were used to maintain contact on a regular basis. An example of important events included the celebration of Chinese New Year during which families were reunited, and also a wedding. Also for this project, publications in the media and by government were collected, and existing scholarly literature on filial piety was reviewed.
Project Outputs: In line with Professor Toshio Kuwako’s call for research that makes a “positive contribution to the shape of society” and “convey[s] those results to the wider world” the outcomes of this project include publications for non-academic audiences.
The primary output of this research is a short documentary. This three-part documentary is titled Caring at a Distance: Three Families Staying Connected across Indonesia, Malaysia and Australia, and has been posted to YouTube to ensure maximal accessibility by non-academic and academic audiences. It is a good teaching tool for those exploring issues of migration and globalization. A second non-academic output is a magazine article which is accepted to appear in September 2017 in Volume 4 of Here Be Dragons.
Two outputs are aimed at contributing to the scholarship around filial piety. The foremost of these is an entry which has been accepted in the forthcoming Global Encyclopedia of Public Administration, Public Policy, and Governance which will be published by Springer in 2018 and is edited by the Professor Ravi Roy. In late 2017, a presentation will be given at RMIT University’s AsiaPacific@RMIT seminar series.

ホームページへのリンク ◆トヨタ財団WEBサイト内関連記事