2014 研究助成 Research Grant Program  /  B 個人研究助成  
(Grant Number)
(Project Title)
限りなくローカルな記憶を止めどなくグローバルな伝承へ ―南相馬の災害伝承に見る歴史の層間
Transforming the Exclusively Local Memories into a Unboundedly Global Tradition: Witnessing an Intercalation of History in Minamisoma's Emerging Disaster Folklore
森本  涼
Ryo Morimoto
Department of Anthropology, Brandeis University
(Grant Amount)
企画書・概要 (Abstract of Project Proposal)


     The official record of the former 740 year-old Soma-Nakamura Domain informs that in 1611, a great tsunami killed about 700 people in the coastal region of Fukushima (which includes Minamisoma). However, this record was not passed down to become the living memory of the present people, neither in the form of oral tradition nor in folklore. In contrast, Soma-Nomaoi, a millennium-long military training of the domain, has been thriving to strategically symbolize the domain's prosperity as a "disaster resistant region." 
     Learning from the few historical instances of the region, there are at least three current situations that are similar and thus raise concerns for the repeated failure of transmitting the experience of 3.11 into the future. First, after 3.11, many residents of Minamisoma migrated elsewhere. Secondly, the government-proposed reconstruction plan of the coastal region could catalyze significant cultural and demographic change. Finally, the invisible radiation and unstable rules of reparation associated with Minamisoma have caused the local community to disintegrate. Therefore, this research proposes to reinvestigate the past-untold disasters in the coastal region, especially in Minamisoma city in light of the 2011 Great East Japan Earthquake and Tsunami and the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Disaster (3.11). The goal is to co-construct a cultural history of disasters with the residents of Minamisoma while exploring the potential of an "intercalation of history"- a type of history in which local knowledge of a given society finds an unmediated path of articulating its localness and knowledge in the international community. By transforming the exclusively local memories of living with the nuclear disaster into an unboundedly global tradition, the research explores a new method for handing down memories of a disaster and ultimately the presence of nuclear waste to a far future. 
     As its end result, the research will produce a bilingual local disaster history book, which will mark the beginning of a local-international effort to hand down a "disaster culture." The production of the book will also be useful for the local community to educate its junior to high school students in both English and in local history.

ホームページへのリンク ◆トヨタ財団WEBサイト内関連記事