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助成対象詳細(Details)

   

2014 研究助成 Research Grant Program  /  B 個人研究助成  
助成番号
(Grant Number)
D14-R-0251
題目
(Project Title)
限りなくローカルな記憶を止めどなくグローバルな伝承へ ―南相馬の災害伝承に見る歴史の層間
Transforming the Exclusively Local Memories into a Unboundedly Global Tradition: Witnessing an Intercalation of History in Minamisoma's Emerging Disaster Folklore
代表者名
(Representative)
森本  涼
Ryo Morimoto
代表者所属
(Organization)
ブランダイス大学総合文化学部
Department of Anthropology, Brandeis University
助成金額
(Grant Amount)
 800,000
企画書・概要 (Abstract of Project Proposal)

約740年間続いた旧相馬中村藩の藩史には、1611年大津波が現南相馬市を含む福島県浜通りを襲い約700名が溺死とある。しかし、この記録は伝承や口承として人々の記憶に刻まれなかった。逆に1000年以上続くとされる伝統行事「相馬野馬追」は、災害を多く語らず「復興」した旧藩の世界観を体現している。東日本大震災および福島第一原発事故により多くの南相馬住民が離散し、国主体の復興イノベーション構想で計画される新たな地域産業や人口構成により、従来の生業、文化や歴史の継続が危ぶまれている。さらに、近隣での「核のゴミ」の長期貯蔵、市内での放射能/線リスクとの共存という難題は、住民の分断・分裂を招き、特に若年層の流失を促進させている。これらの現状は先の復興主義による災害記憶の消失を再現しかねない。本研究は、過去記憶されなかった歴史災害の標を3.11の爪痕に重ね、「災害の文化史」を住民と共同構築し、原子力事故と共生する南相馬が世界史に介入出来る『層間:intercalation』モデルを見いだすことを目的とする。研究成果の一環とし地域伝承の国際化の足掛りとなるバイリンガル災害史を作成し、地元中高生の英語兼郷土史教育や、市の観光ガイドとしての利活用を通じ、限りなくローカルな知見を止めどなくグローバルな伝承に転換させ広く発信、共有する。

     The official record of the former 740 year-old Soma-Nakamura Domain informs that in 1611, a great tsunami killed about 700 people in the coastal region of Fukushima (which includes Minamisoma). However, this record was not passed down to become the living memory of the present people, neither in the form of oral tradition nor in folklore. In contrast, Soma-Nomaoi, a millennium-long military training of the domain, has been thriving to strategically symbolize the domain's prosperity as a "disaster resistant region." 
     Learning from the few historical instances of the region, there are at least three current situations that are similar and thus raise concerns for the repeated failure of transmitting the experience of 3.11 into the future. First, after 3.11, many residents of Minamisoma migrated elsewhere. Secondly, the government-proposed reconstruction plan of the coastal region could catalyze significant cultural and demographic change. Finally, the invisible radiation and unstable rules of reparation associated with Minamisoma have caused the local community to disintegrate. Therefore, this research proposes to reinvestigate the past-untold disasters in the coastal region, especially in Minamisoma city in light of the 2011 Great East Japan Earthquake and Tsunami and the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Disaster (3.11). The goal is to co-construct a cultural history of disasters with the residents of Minamisoma while exploring the potential of an "intercalation of history"- a type of history in which local knowledge of a given society finds an unmediated path of articulating its localness and knowledge in the international community. By transforming the exclusively local memories of living with the nuclear disaster into an unboundedly global tradition, the research explores a new method for handing down memories of a disaster and ultimately the presence of nuclear waste to a far future. 
     As its end result, the research will produce a bilingual local disaster history book, which will mark the beginning of a local-international effort to hand down a "disaster culture." The production of the book will also be useful for the local community to educate its junior to high school students in both English and in local history.

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