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助成対象詳細(Details)

   

2014 研究助成 Research Grant Program  /  A 共同研究助成  
助成番号
(Grant Number)
D14-R-0298
題目
(Project Title)
自然エネルギー時代への近代地方水都の再生 ―地域主体形成の視点に基づく近世および近代初期の利水型産業遺構の再評価と自然エネルギー産業・観光水都への再構築
Renovation of an Early Modern Water City for Renewable Energy Era: Re-evaluation of Industrial Remains of Water Utilization in the Early Modern Period from the View Point of Local Empowerment and Their Reconstruction into Eater city of Renewable Energy Industries and Green Tourism
代表者名
(Representative)
陣内 秀信
Hidenobu Jinnai
代表者所属
(Organization)
法政大学大学院デザイン工学研究科
Graduate School of Engineering and Design, Hosei University
助成金額
(Grant Amount)
 3,200,000
企画書・概要 (Abstract of Project Proposal)

地域主体の形成と持続は、人々の自律的な力のほか、外からの支援や時代環境、人々の選択の的確さなどにも依存する。近代初期の日本の基幹産業の拠点、西東京や北関東(八王子、伊勢崎、足利など)、愛知県豊田市などの織物産業都市の中でも、群馬県・桐生の人々は、西陣に並ぶ高級織物生産の水準にまで至り、当時、新宿・境野地区だけでも約150と多数の撚糸水車を稼働させ、工場や鉄道、学校を民力で導入するという強い自立性を持っていた。しかし戦後、廉価品に舵を取った彼らは、高級品に特化した西陣とは対照的に衰退する。将来を見誤れば、地域の自律的な力も衰えてしまう。
 しかし、脱温暖化に向けてエネルギー利用を見直す時代に入った今、豊かな水資源を持つこれらの地域は、米国Lowell,Ma.のように、グリーンツーリズムをも照準に入れた新たな時代の「水都」として再生する可能性がある。
 本研究では、地域の人々との協働を通して、上記内発性の歴史的形成過程や最盛期の水利用状況を、アクターネットワーク分析等を用いて解明するとともに、分散エネルギー時代の「水都」の未来像を概念設計し、これらを通じた新たな主体形成もめざす。

     Building up and maintaining local capacity depend naturally on the self-governing of people, but they also depend much on supports from the outside, on the social circumstances and on the appropriateness of people's decisions themselves. In early modern, people in Kiryu in Gumma prefecture (one of the key industrial spots in Japan, including Isesaki and Ashikaga of Northern Kanto and Hachioji of West Tokyo as well as Toyota in Aich prefecture) had textile technology as high as Nishijin's, operating about 150 water wheels once only in its Shinshuku and Sakaino areas for thread twisting. They had a strong endogenous capacity having installed factories, railroads and a textile college all by themselves. After WWII, they steered their business to cheaper products, which brought them into total decline. This is quite in contrast to Nishijin which has been maintaining their status so far by sticking to high-quality products. These imply that once miss-defining and misjudging the future, even a strong local autonomous capacity has to decline.
     Now that we are in the time to revisit renewable energy utilization for getting rid of global warming, these rural towns of rich water resources have a chance to reconstruct themselves as a "water city", redefining their potential for the sustainable future, including their urban renovation for green tourism, like Lowel, Ma. of United States.
     In this research, we organize a university-local people collaboration to unveil the past achievements in water utilization and their endogenous urban development in the early modern period through actor network analysis and to conduct a conceptual design for the rebirth of a once active local city into a "sustainable water city" with a new self-definition of their role for the future. This project also aims at making the process of research a process of building up local actors' endogenous capacity for the urban rebirth, of which people will become proud at home and abroad as one of the precedent case of actions against global warming.

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