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助成対象詳細(Details)

   

2014 研究助成 Research Grant Program  /  A 共同研究助成  
助成番号
(Grant Number)
D14-R-0798
題目
(Project Title)
(認知症患者を含む)高齢者ケアの現状を踏まえた高齢者の尊厳の比較文化的研究とそれにもとづく福祉社会の新たな可能性の探究
The Transcultural Research for a New Concept of "Dignity of the Elderly" in Respect of the Present Condition of the Social Care for the Elderly (Including Persons with Dementia) and for a New Model of the Welfare Society
代表者名
(Representative)
加藤 泰史
Yasushi Kato
代表者所属
(Organization)
一橋大学大学院社会学研究科
Graduate School of Social Sciences, Hitotsubashi University
助成金額
(Grant Amount)
 6,000,000
企画書・概要 (Abstract of Project Proposal)

「介護保険法」の1条から明らかなように、尊厳概念は介護保険制度にあっては中心的役割を担っているが、しかし日本ではその概念規定は必ずしも明確ではなく、欧米でも再検討が始まっている。こうした現状は介護保険制度を不透明で不安定なものにしかねない。少子高齢化により社会のダウンサイジングが進行する中、特に長期的には多様な価値観や高い権利意識を持った団塊の世代がこれから高齢化することおよび短期的には東日本大震災で被災した高齢者の置かれた状況を考慮するとこのままでは問題があり制度改革が必須である。日本の社会保障制度はドイツのそれをモデルにして導入された。本研究はこの歴史的現実を重視し、ドイツの研究グループと連携して比較文化的観点を加え、日独における(認知症患者を含む)高齢者ケアの現状分析と比較を踏まえた上で、多様な価値に対応可能で高齢者固有の柔軟で現実的な尊厳概念を確定すると同時に、それにもとづいて高齢者の多様な希望を実現するための合意形成モデルおよび文化的地域的特性を生かした尊厳ある生活を保障するケアシステムのモデル(高齢者に快適で看取りにも適切な居住空間・地域空間の比較分析も含む)を提案する。

     As it is clear from the first article of the Japanese "Care Insurance Law (1997)", the concept of dignity plays a central role within the social insurance systems of Japan. But the concept of dignity in Japan is not clearly determined, and also in the West this concept will be discussed again and reexamined deeply in recent years. Especially the care insurance system of Japan would come to a crisis as a whole in such a situation and become unstable and unsustainable in some cases. At the present time the shrinking of the Japanese society already began because of the declining birthrate and high aging. Further great many baby boomers, that are characterized by a high awareness of their pluralistic values and their own rights, become high aging from now in the long run and the elderly affected by the Great East Japan Earthquake have been placed in a very difficult condition now. If one considers such social problems seriously, so the social insurance system of Japan should be reformed deeply. Historically this system was introduced into Japan following the German concept of the social insurance system. We will take this historical fact into well account in our research project and then promote our research in cooperation with a German research group from the transcultural perspective. 
     Hence our research theme is defined as the following: in the first place we determine the new and flexible concept of "dignity of the elderly (including persons with dementia)" definitely, which is well adaptable to the specific conditions of the elderly and also is best based on the pluralistic concept of values on an analysis and comparison of these present conditions in Japan and Germany from the transcultural perspective. And then we clarify a new model of the social care system as a part of the welfare society, which enables their own dignified lives of the elderly (including persons with dementia) with regional and cultural characteristics on the basis of a new model of consensus corresponding to the diverse needs of the elderly. 

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