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助成対象詳細(Details)

   

2014 研究助成 Research Grant Program  /  A 共同研究助成  
助成番号
(Grant Number)
D14-R-0840
題目
(Project Title)
グローバル土地収奪下における持続可能な地域発展のためのアフリカ小農主体の国際共同調査研究 ―モザンビーク北部を中心事例として
Joint International Study on Sustainable Agricultural Development with Small Scale Farmers in the Context of International Agricultural Investment and Land Grabs: The Case of Northern Mozambique
代表者名
(Representative)
大林  稔
Minoru Obayashi
代表者所属
(Organization)
龍谷大学経済学部
Faculty of Economics, Ryukoku University
助成金額
(Grant Amount)
 6,400,000
企画書・概要 (Abstract of Project Proposal)

本研究は、2008年の穀物の国際価格高騰以来アフリカで急速に進む土地収奪について、持続可能なコミュニティ発展の視点から、アフリカ、日本、世界の当事者・研究者・市民社会関係者が共同で取り組むものである。近年、土地収奪などの危機に直面した世界の小農らが自らの組織化と連帯を通じて権利擁護と回復を実現しようとする動きが見られ、国際的な実証研究の後押しを受けて2014年が「国際家族農業年」に定められたが、地域の実態に基づいた政策提言・反映にはいまだ課題が見られる。そこで本研究では、中心事例として、アフリカ2位、世界5位の面積が土地取引の対象とされるモザンビーク、特にアグリビジネスによる土地投資が急激に増加している北部地域を取り上げ、小農らと共に調査研究を行い、実態把握とオルタナティブの提示を含む成果発表を通じて政策への反映を試みる。具体的には、調査研究・政策提言活動のプロセスにおいて、地域の小農・市民社会組織の能力強化を通じた実践を試行し、それ自体を成果の一部として社会に還元することで、農業政策におけるパラダイムシフトがコミュニティレベルで定着し、持続可能な発展を実現することを目指す。

     Increased global interest in agriculture has lead to a surge in large-scale agricultural investments in recent years, and to a growing phenomenon known as "land-grabbing". Public private partnerships (PPPs) are the new trend, whereby host and donor countries work together to facilitate private agricultural investment, many of which favor large-scale development. Facing international scrutiny over "land grabbing," companies are now turning increasingly to contract farming models and out-grower schemes with claims to support small-scale farmers. However, the scope of agricultural development often remains large-scale and oriented to global markets, with financial gains accumulating with the investors and the privileged few.
     On the other end of the spectrum, and as can be symbolically seen in that 2014 is the UN International Year of Family Farming, there has been renewed appreciation for the role of family farming and small-scale farming in poverty alleviation and enhancing local food security. For small-scale farmers, working with diverse crops and in local markets can be more resilient in the face of climate change and unpredictable spikes in international food prices.  
     Mozambique embodies this trend in global agricultural development. The country is moving forward with large scale PPPs, but farmer organizations and civil society are advocating for alternative development approaches to support family farming. This international research project will bring together farmers organizations, civil society, and international academia to conduct a comparative study between contract farming models to alternative approaches proposed by small-scale farmers themselves. Impacts on the livelihood and food security of local farmers will be assessed. Findings will be produced in Portuguese, Japanese and English, contributing to national policy making and to the international debate on the future of sustainable farming approaches necessary to secure much needed progress in strengthening food security and eradicating hunger.

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