農村に取り残された高齢者の福祉のための効果的ネットワークの構築 ―ベトナム・ハティン省およびクアンガイ省と、日本・水俣市の共同研究を通して Construction of Effective Network for Well-being of the Left-behind Elderly in Rural Community Through Cooperative Studies between Ha Tinh and Quang Ngai Provinces, Vietnam and Minamata City, Japan
Tran Thi Minh Thi Tran Thi Minh Thi
ベトナム社会科学院 家族・ジェンダー研究院 Institute for Family and Gender Studies, Vietnam Academy of Social Sciences
Care for the elderly in Japan is mostly the private entities with strictly regulated and supported by governments. The nature of institutional elder care provision in Japan is a mix of the state and the market. In family, there are several changes in familial care provision due to changes in the household with increasing numbers of elder people living. In this context, care for the one fourth of the elderly living alone very much depends on institutional settings and on family care givers. With limit of institutional care for the elderly, care provision in Vietnam is often given to family and community. Community is a main care provider of emotional support to the elderly traditionally and currently as majority of Vietnamese people are living in the rural areas with strong community network and solidarity. Vietnamese government is also planning to enhance institutional care in each community in collaboration with local mass organizations and stakeholders involved, in order to propose the proper alternative of care to the elderly in communities, especially those who are living alone and/or have to take care to grandchildren. The project will review implementation status of elderly care practices, policy and plans at community level and develop a potential of model services and operational manual of community-based care support through a pilot model to construct an effective community and institutional network for the well-being of the left-behind and living alone elderly through cooperative studies and mutual exchanges between two communes in Vietnam (i.e. Ho Do commune, Loc Ha district, Ha Tinh province; and Pho Cuong commune, Duc Pho district, Quang Ngai province) and one community in Japan (i.e. Minamata city, Japan) based on the result of the contextual review, discussions and workshops at community level, field visits, and seminars for mutual learning among social practitioners.