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助成対象詳細(Details)

   

2015 国際助成プログラム International Grant Program      
助成番号
(Grant Number)
D15-N-0061
題目
(Project Title)
ダブルケアラー支援への提言―日本・韓国におけるダブルケアラー支援者実践者の学び合いを通して
Proposing Supports for People Confronting Double Responsibility of Care: Through an Exchange Programme among Japanese and Korean Professionals and Carers who Support and Provide Double Responsibility of Care
代表者名
(Representative)
東  恵子
Keiko Azuma
代表者所属
(Organization)
NPO法人シャーロックホームズ
Non Profit Organization Sherlock Holmes
助成金額
(Grant Amount)
 4,920,000
企画書・概要 (Abstract of Project Proposal)

東アジアでは、高齢化、生活習慣病、若年認知症の増加と並行して、晩婚化・晩産化、少子化が進行している。これにより介護と子育てを同時に直面する、ダブルケア当事者(ダブルケアラー)の増加が見込まれる。韓国と日本は急激な人口学的および社会的変化に対応するために、 近年介護支援、子育て支援領域において国際的にも革新的な政策を施行してきた。両国とも介護保険法を施行し(日本2000年、韓国2008年)、さらに韓国は少子化対策として急速に子育て支援政策を拡大している。労働市場、家族関係、人口学的変化などにおいて類似する日本と韓国を対象とした学術的な比較政策研究は蓄積されてきたが、介護支援・子育て支援に関わる専門職やNPO団体の間で蓄積された知識や経験は、未だあまり共有されていない。本プロジェクトは地域で着実な実践を蓄積してきた団体/人々の草の根の交流と通して、グローバルな問題に立ち向かう知恵を共同で創出することを目的とする。

In East Asian societies, along with the aging population, the lifestyle related diseases and dementia at an earlier stage of life are increasing. At the same time women tend to delay both marriage and childbirth, and the total fertility rate remains low. These all suggest that the number of people who will face double responsibility of care, those who simultaneously provide care to the elderly and young children, will increase. In order to respond to acute socio-demographic changes, Korea and Japan have made significant policy development in the area of elderly care and child care in the last two decades. Both countries have implemented Long-term care Insurance (LTCI) Act: the Japanese LTCI Act in 2000 and the Korean LTCI Act in 2008. Furthermore Korea has made a rapid expansion of childcare provision as a countermeasure to the low birth rate. Korea and Japan shares some structural characteristics particularly in the labour market, family relations and demography. Therefore the comparative policy analysis between Korea and Japan has seen a rapid development. However little is known about the knowledge and practice accumulated by professionals and Non-profit organizations that provide supports for elderly care and child care. Based on exchanges of knowledge and experience among those who have been engaged with the local practices in Korea and Japan, this project aims to explore an approach to confront the global issue.

実施報告書・概要 (Summary of Final Report)

東アジアでは、高齢化・晩婚化・晩産化・少子化などの進行により、介護と子育てを同時に直面するダブルケア当事者の増加が見込まていることが共通の社会課題となっており、急激な人口学的および社会変化に対応するために近年介護支援や子育て支援領域において国際的にも革新的な政策をしてきた日本と韓国が、比較政策研究だけではなく、介護支援・子育て支援に関わる専門職やNPO団体の間でどのような知識や経験が蓄積されてきたかを、双方の交流を通じて学ぶことを目的として実施した。
日本では民によるダブルケア支援が始まっているのと共に、その民に動かされて行政もこの問題を認識するようになってきているが、韓国ではこの問題がまだ議論にも上らないとあって、日本で行われている取り組みが、韓国の近い将来に直面するダブルケア問題へ備える働きかけの契機となった。また、日本のダブルケア支援の取り組みもまだまだ小さなものであり、社会的認知不足を感じていることから、日本韓国共にダブルケアという社会課題を知ってもらうためのツール開発に取り組んだ。


In East Asian societies, increase of the aging population, women’s delay in both marriage and childbirth are causing increase in the numbers of people who are facing double responsibility of care, those who simultaneously provide care to the elderly and young children. This is becoming a common issue in East Asia. In order to respond to acute socio-demographic changes, Korea and Japan have internationally made significant policy development in the area of elderly care and child care. The aim of the exchange was to learn not only about comparative policy analysis, but also to explore how the knowledge and the practice is accumulated by professionals and Non-profit organizations that provide supports for elderly care and child care. In Japan, support for double responsibility of care are been carried out by the citizen, and at the same time the government has become aware of the issue. However in Korea, the issue itself had not yet been discussed, so their visit to Japan was an opportunity for the Korean team to become aware and to prepare for the issue “double responsibility of care” which will be faced in the near future.
Supports for double care of responsibility in Japan is still very small, and the issue is still not well known in the society, so both the Korean and the Japanese team thrived to develop tools to spread the awareness of the social issue “double responsibility of care”.

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