2015 国際助成プログラム International Grant Program      
(Grant Number)
(Project Title)
Livelihood Security for the Elderly in an Aging Society: Focusing on Japan, South Korea, Thailand, and Vietnam
金  成垣
Sung-won Kim
Meiji Gakuin University
(Grant Amount)
企画書・概要 (Abstract of Project Proposal)


Today, society is aging at a much faster pace in East Asia than in other countries, including Western countries and other regions. Japan is said to be a "problem-ridden advanced country" with respect to its aging society, because it leads the other East Asian countries and regions as regards the rapid aging of population. Hence, this study aims to achieve the following three objectives. First, we select four countries, namely Japan, South Korea, Thailand, and Vietnam, and we clarify their present situations and problems regarding the elderly, focusing on "livelihood security" for the elderly, which comprises income security (mainly employment policy and pension), living security (mainly self-support through activities such as agriculture, and a supporting family), and service security (mainly medical service and nursing care). Second, we discuss the measures and policies that Japan can demonstrate, as a "problem-ridden country," to other aging societies in the world, including those in Asia. This will allow countries to learn from each other's experiences, and to cooperate with other East Asian countries and regions. Third, using the research results from the first two objectives, we make policy proposals through which Japan can create practical and theoretical foundations to move away from a "problem-ridden advanced country" and become a "problem-solving advanced country".

実施報告書・概要 (Summary of Final Report)


Populations in Asia are currently experiencing aging at significantly faster rates compared to those in other countries and regions like Europe and the United States. In particular, Japan is often named the “most advanced nation in population aging” for it leads other nations and regions in East Asia in a rapidly aging population. In view of the severity of the situation, the present study directly investigated efforts devoted to the needs of the elderly in four countries—Japan, South Korea, Thailand and Vietnam—with a particular emphasis on their “security of living” that included “income security,” “job security,” and “services security.” Additionally, the researchers met with local scholars and practitioners, exchanged views and information, and held discussions through which they identified the circumstances and challenges in each country and shared their learning experiences. Simultaneously, measures for aging societies were examined that Japan, as the “most advanced nation in population aging,” and other countries and regions in East Asia, can propose to aging societies globally. Based on the present findings, we further aim to build practical and theoretical foundations to promote Japan not only as the “most advanced nation in population aging” but also as the “most advanced nation in solutions for population aging.”

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