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助成対象詳細(Details)

   

2015 国際助成プログラム International Grant Program      
助成番号
(Grant Number)
D15-N-1001
題目
(Project Title)
高齢化社会における高齢者の生活保障―日本・韓国・タイ・ベトナムを中心に
Livelihood Security for the Elderly in an Aging Society: Focusing on Japan, South Korea, Thailand, and Vietnam
代表者名
(Representative)
金  成垣
Sung-won Kim
代表者所属
(Organization)
明治学院大学
Meiji Gakuin University
助成金額
(Grant Amount)
 7,000,000
企画書・概要 (Abstract of Project Proposal)

現在、東アジアでは、欧米諸国や他の諸国・地域に比べて非常に早いスピードで高齢化が進んでいる。この急速な高齢化は、日本を先頭に、他の東アジアの国・地域が追いかけるようなかたちをとっていることから、日本は高齢化に関しても「課題先進国」と呼ばれている。このような状況を鑑み、本プロジェクトでは、①日本・韓国・タイ・ベトナムを対象に、各国・地域における高齢者への取り組み、特に「所得保障」(主に雇用政策や年金)・「生計保障」(主に自給(農業等)や家族扶養)・「サービス保障」(主に医療と介護)からなる高齢者の「生活保障」に焦点を当てて、その現状と課題を明らかにし、②互いの経験を学び合いつつ、「課題先進国」としての日本が他の東アジア諸国・地域と協力して、アジアおよび世界の高齢社会への発信できる施策を検討したい。さらに、③そこから得られた知見をベースにして、日本が「課題先進国」に止まらず、「課題解決先進国」になるための実践的・理論的基盤を構築するための政策提言も、本プロジェクトの目標とする。

Today, society is aging at a much faster pace in East Asia than in other countries, including Western countries and other regions. Japan is said to be a "problem-ridden advanced country" with respect to its aging society, because it leads the other East Asian countries and regions as regards the rapid aging of population. Hence, this study aims to achieve the following three objectives. First, we select four countries, namely Japan, South Korea, Thailand, and Vietnam, and we clarify their present situations and problems regarding the elderly, focusing on "livelihood security" for the elderly, which comprises income security (mainly employment policy and pension), living security (mainly self-support through activities such as agriculture, and a supporting family), and service security (mainly medical service and nursing care). Second, we discuss the measures and policies that Japan can demonstrate, as a "problem-ridden country," to other aging societies in the world, including those in Asia. This will allow countries to learn from each other's experiences, and to cooperate with other East Asian countries and regions. Third, using the research results from the first two objectives, we make policy proposals through which Japan can create practical and theoretical foundations to move away from a "problem-ridden advanced country" and become a "problem-solving advanced country".

実施報告書・概要 (Summary of Final Report)

現在,アジアでは,欧米諸国や他の諸国・地域に比べて非常に早いスピードで高齢化が進んでいる。この急速な高齢化は,日本が先頭に,他の東アジアの国・地域が追いかけるようなかたちをとっていることから,日本は高齢化に関して「課題先進国」とも呼ばれている。このような状況を鑑み,本プロジェクトでは,日本・韓国・タイ・ベトナムを対象に,各国・地域における高齢者への取り組み,とくに「所得保障」・「就労保障」・「サービス保障」からなる高齢者の「生活保障」に焦点を当てて,現地調査と現地での研究者や実務家との意見・情報交換および相互討論を行った。それを通じて,各国の現状と課題を明らかにするとともに,互いの経験を学び合い,さらに「課題先進国」としての日本が他の東アジア諸国・地域と協力して,アジアおよび世界の高齢社会への発信できる対策を検討した。そこから得られた知見をベースにして,今後,日本が「課題先進国」に止まらず,「課題解決先進国」になるための実践的・理論的基盤を構築していきたい。

Populations in Asia are currently experiencing aging at significantly faster rates compared to those in other countries and regions like Europe and the United States. In particular, Japan is often named the “most advanced nation in population aging” for it leads other nations and regions in East Asia in a rapidly aging population. In view of the severity of the situation, the present study directly investigated efforts devoted to the needs of the elderly in four countries—Japan, South Korea, Thailand and Vietnam—with a particular emphasis on their “security of living” that included “income security,” “job security,” and “services security.” Additionally, the researchers met with local scholars and practitioners, exchanged views and information, and held discussions through which they identified the circumstances and challenges in each country and shared their learning experiences. Simultaneously, measures for aging societies were examined that Japan, as the “most advanced nation in population aging,” and other countries and regions in East Asia, can propose to aging societies globally. Based on the present findings, we further aim to build practical and theoretical foundations to promote Japan not only as the “most advanced nation in population aging” but also as the “most advanced nation in solutions for population aging.”

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