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助成対象詳細(Details)

   

2015 国際助成プログラム International Grant Program      
助成番号
(Grant Number)
D15-N-1002
題目
(Project Title)
移民の包摂と社会政策―日本、韓国、タイから見た多文化共生社会
Integration of Migrants and Social Policy Issues: Reflections from Japan, Korea and Thailand Towards the Creation of an Inclusive Society
代表者名
(Representative)
日下部 京子
Kyoko Kusakabe
代表者所属
(Organization)
アジア工科大学
Asian Institute of Technology
助成金額
(Grant Amount)
 7,000,000
企画書・概要 (Abstract of Project Proposal)

移民を対象とした社会的包摂の議論では、往々にして移民に対しての教育や保健サービス及び雇用が中心になる。しかし、多文化共生・移民への定住/統合プログラムを検証すると、移民が必要としている社会包摂的な政策は、その国における低所得者層など、社会的に排除された人々が必要としている社会政策と類似していることが伺える。反対にいえば、その国の社会的弱者への政策が、そのまま移民政策にも反映されている。例えば、労働者としての権利の保障は、移民労働者は最も脆弱であるが、その国の低所得層も同様な権利の脆弱さを経験している。そこで、私たちのグループは、日本、韓国、タイの事例と各国での勉強会を通して、移民政策と社会政策が相互に融合することで、移民にとってもその国の低所得者層にとっても包摂的である社会政策を模索する。日本と韓国での勉強会を経て、タイで国際ワークショップを開催し、知識・分析・洞察を集約する。

The 2013/2014 IGP projects on multicultural society, especially in Thailand (there are five projects in Thailand out of the total nine), most of us have studied social services education and health targeted to migrants and their children.Through our discussion with other receiving countries, such as Japan and Korea, we noted the separation between mainstream social policies and programs and policies/programs for migrants. We argue that the challenges that migrants face in the country of destination is deeply related to the social structure and practices in the receiving country, which many of the low income nationals in the country also experience similar problems. That is, if we can create more inclusive society where migrants can also enjoy protection in rights and decent work and living, this will improve the lives of the socially excluded nationals as well, and vice versa. Therefore, it is important that migrant issues are integrated into the mainstream social policies in the receiving countries. In our project, we will discuss what are the barriers in integrating migrant issues into social policies/programs, and how it can be tackled by learning from each other through mutual participation in country workshops/field visits, and a regional conference.

実施報告書・概要 (Summary of Final Report)



Our project addressed what is often ignored in migration policies – the role of local communities and government in creating an inclusive society for migrants and locals. It is often the case that migration policies are a matter of national government. However, the challenges that migrants face are shaped by social/ political/ economic/ cultural conditions of the receiving communities. Socially and economically disadvantaged locals share similar challenges as migrants. Therefore, it can be more effective if both these domestic issues and migrant issues are discussed together at the local level in order to transform social policies to be more inclusive.
Through a mutual learning process between Japan (Kobe), Korea (Seoul), and Thailand (Greater Bangkok region), we reviewed the social services available for migrants provided both by the state, the community (including NGOs, local community and migrant communities themselves), and their families. We have learned how local processes play a significant role in shaping how migrants experience their lives in the places of destination. There is a large role that local government and communities can play since the national government is not able to address context specific needs of migrants. However, either because of a strong and universal national program like Korea, or because of uncoordinated and under-resourced locally-based programs in Thailand and Japan, local integration processes are not well-recognized and appreciated of its importance. At the same time, since such local processes are ignored, gender bias and other values can be introduced and strengthened unchecked. There is clearly a need to call for a more systematic, structured, inclusive, well-resourced locally-sensitive and contextualized approach for migrant integration.

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