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助成対象詳細(Details)

   

2015 研究助成 Research Grant Program  /  (A)共同研究助成  (A) Joint Research Grants
助成番号
(Grant Number)
D15-R-0009
題目
(Project Title)
福島第一原子力発電所事故による中・長期的な健康影響に関する研究―災害に強い保健医療体制の構築を目指して―
Assessment of the Mid- to Long-term Health Effects of Japan's 2011 Fukushima Nuclear Disaster: Toward disaster-resilient health care systems
代表者名
(Representative)
野村 周平
Shuhei Nomura
代表者所属
(Organization)
東京大学大学院医学系研究科国際保健政策学教室
Department of Global Health Policy, Graduate School of Medicine, The University of Tokyo
助成金額
(Grant Amount)
 1,200,000
企画書・概要 (Abstract of Project Proposal)

福島県の海岸部の3分の1を占める南相馬市・相馬市は、2011年3月に発生した東日本大震災および福島原子力発電所事故に伴い、病院閉鎖や医師・看護師の離職などにより急激な医療人材不足に陥り、保健医療供給体制は崩壊しつつある。今年で発災から4年を迎える。しかし、これまで我が国では災害疫学研究は社会的関心の高まる発災直後に集中し、中・長期的な健康影響の調査研究は少ない。本プロジェクトは、発災から現在までの内・外部被ばく状況も含めた住民の健康状態の変化を経時的に分析することで、現在の福島並びに将来の放射線災害に備えた中・長期的な保健医療体制の構築を「社会の新たな価値」として探求する。
 本プロジェクトは、両自治体および医療施設との協力関係のもと、発災後中・長期における(1)内・外部被ばく状況の経時的変化・傾向の評価、(2)被ばく量と生活習慣との関係、そして(3)慢性疾患有病率の変化とそのリスク要因についての研究を行うことを目的とする。

   The towns of Minamisoma and Soma in Fukushima prefecture, Japan, account for one-third of the prefecture's seacoast area. After the Great East Japan tsunami on March 11th 2011 and subsequent Fukushima nuclear disaster, these towns have struggled with medical staffing deficiencies due to post-disaster hospital closures and evacuation of medical personnel, resulting in a collapse of health care service systems. Effective design and delivery of measures to reduce post-disaster health risks and promote health can be achieved by better understanding of the health effects of disasters. However, four years after the Fukushima disaster, most research on post-disaster health outcomes only relates to the first few months after the disaster (i.e., the acute phase), where the public interest was strong enough to call for research; the month/year-long (mid- to long-term) follow-up of health outcomes has not been well conducted.
   In this project, we aim at a stronger understanding of the potential mid- to long-term health effects of the Fukushima disaster as a new social value in order to not only inform the creation of disaster-resilient health care systems after the disaster, but also to help identify discussion points on disaster planning, including preparedness, response and recovery measures for future nuclear disasters. To meet this aim, the project objectives are three-fold: 1) to evaluate trends in internal and external radiation exposure risks among the residents over the past four years; 2) to examine the relationship between the exposure risks and lifestyle, such as dietary habits and physical activity; and 3) to assess the chronic health conditions in the longer term and their risk factors. These objectives will be carried out in collaboration with local authorities and medical facilities in the towns of Minamisoma and Soma.

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