2015 研究助成 Research Grant Program
(A) Joint Research Grants
助成番号 (Grant Number)
題目 （Project Title）
Understanding the Reorganisation of the Marginalised Labour Market in Contemporary Japan from Migrants' Perspectives: Towards building new support systems
崔 博憲 Hironori Sai
広島国際学院大学情報文化学部 Faculty of Information Design and Sociology, Hiroshima Kokusai Gakuin University
The Japanese government is currently amending the legislation in order to promote immigration for economical and dispensable labour amidst the deepening labour shortage due to population decline and the effects of globalisation. However, as the labour market is being reorganised, there are growing concerns that the socio-legal status of immigrant workers in Japan is becoming more vulnerable. This research aims to build systems of "research/practice based on migrants' perspectives" which can not only contribute to empirical research but assist those who provide practical support to immigrants and who design migration policy. To accomplish this aim, researchers with in-depth knowledge of societies that send migrants abroad, from diverse disciplines such as area studies, anthropology and sociology, and practitioners with experience of supporting migrants in receiving societies are collaborating in the research team. More concretely, our plan is to conduct participatory observation of migrants who are recently exerting stronger presence such as foreign technical intern trainees, sex workers, immigrants of Japanese descent and immigrants of African origin, to gain clear understanding of two main spheres: firstly, the reality of migrants' lives in their societies of origin and their working conditions in Japan; and secondly, the situations and challenges faced by each group's current support systems. In the course of this research, we will give particular weight not only to Japanese migrant communities but also to the perspectives of migrants themselves and the "gaze" of sending societies towards migrants so as to present a new standpoint which can bridge between research, policy making and support activities without restricting the frame of research and dialogue to within Japan's borders.