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助成対象詳細(Details)

   

2015 研究助成 Research Grant Program  /  (A)共同研究助成  (A) Joint Research Grants
助成番号
(Grant Number)
D15-R-0369
題目
(Project Title)
現代日本における周縁労働市場の再編を移動する者たちの視点から理解する―新しい支援スキームの構築のために―
Understanding the Reorganisation of the Marginalised Labour Market in Contemporary Japan from Migrants' Perspectives: Towards building new support systems
代表者名
(Representative)
崔  博憲
Hironori Sai
代表者所属
(Organization)
広島国際学院大学情報文化学部
Faculty of Information Design and Sociology, Hiroshima Kokusai Gakuin University
助成金額
(Grant Amount)
 4,600,000
企画書・概要 (Abstract of Project Proposal)

少子高齢化やグローバル化により国内労働力不足が深刻化する現在、日本政府は国外から安価で取り換えの利く労働力の受け入れを促進するための法制度の改正を進めている。だが、周縁労働市場が再編されることで移住労働者の社会的・法的地位がこれまで以上に脆弱化することが懸念されている。
 本研究は、移住労働者の送り出し社会に精通した地域研究者・人類学者・社会学者と受け入れ側社会で移住労働者支援に携わるメンバーの協働によって、実証研究のみならず移民政策や支援の現場に貢献しうる移動する者たちの視点を包含した研究—実践スキームの新たな構築を目的とする。具体的には、外国人技能実習生、セックスワーカー、日系人、アフリカ系労働者といった近年存在感を増しつつある移住労働者を対象に聞き取りや参与観察を行い、①彼/彼女らの母国での生活や日本での就労実態②各対象に対する支援の現状と課題を明らかにする。
 国内の移住者コミュニティだけでなく移住労働者自身の視点と送り出し社会からのまなざしを重視する本研究の遂行にあたっては、研究や議論の枠組みを日本国内に限定しない形で、研究・政策・支援を架橋する新たな視座の提示を目指す。

The Japanese government is currently amending the legislation in order to promote immigration for economical and dispensable labour amidst the deepening labour shortage due to population decline and the effects of globalisation. However, as the labour market is being reorganised, there are growing concerns that the socio-legal status of immigrant workers in Japan is becoming more vulnerable.
    This research aims to build systems of "research/practice based on migrants' perspectives" which can not only contribute to empirical research but assist those who provide practical support to immigrants and who design migration policy. To accomplish this aim, researchers with in-depth knowledge of societies that send migrants abroad, from diverse disciplines such as area studies, anthropology and sociology, and practitioners with experience of supporting migrants in receiving societies are collaborating in the research team. More concretely, our plan is to conduct participatory observation of migrants who are recently exerting stronger presence such as foreign technical intern trainees, sex workers, immigrants of Japanese descent and immigrants of African origin, to gain clear understanding of two main spheres: firstly, the reality of migrants' lives in their societies of origin and their working conditions in Japan; and secondly, the situations and challenges faced by each group's current support systems.
    In the course of this research, we will give particular weight not only to Japanese migrant communities but also to the perspectives of migrants themselves and the "gaze" of sending societies towards migrants so as to present a new standpoint which can bridge between research, policy making and support activities without restricting the frame of research and dialogue to within Japan's borders.

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