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助成対象詳細(Details)

   

2015 研究助成 Research Grant Program  /  (B)個人研究助成  (B) Individual Research Grants
助成番号
(Grant Number)
D15-R-0543
題目
(Project Title)
ポスト3.11の「日常世界」を映す「セルフドキュメンタリー」の力―市民の映像実践を通じた、災害経験の共有と「当事者性」の醸成―
The Power of "Self-Documentary" (Personal Documentary Films) to Reflect the "Everyday World "after the Great East Japan Earthquake: The process of sharing disaster experiences and fostering "insiders" through filmmaking by the citizens in post 3.11 Japan
代表者名
(Representative)
丹羽 朋子
Tomoko Niwa
代表者所属
(Organization)
人間文化研究機構
National Institutes for the Humanities
助成金額
(Grant Amount)
 1,600,000
企画書・概要 (Abstract of Project Proposal)

本研究は東日本大震災の被災当事者が自らの「日常世界」を映す「セルフドキュメンタリー」に焦点をあて、撮影-編集-上映という映像実践における多様な参与者達の相互作用を考察する。これらの映像実践は災害の経験や記憶の共有を考える上で極めて重要であるものの、その調査・研究はいまだ寡少である。本研究は、「3.11映画」データベースの構築、これらを支援する映像アーカイブや映画祭の比較研究、個別の映像実践の微視的な経験的調査を融合させる。さらに映像人類学の手法を援用し、調査協力者と協働した上映ワークショップの企画・運営を通じてアクションリサーチを実施し、研究にフィードバックする。これはそれ自体が市民による映像実践をめぐる対話の場を創出する試みでもある。本研究を通じて、映像という記録媒体が多くの人々を巻き込む力をもって、「当事者性」や復興や社会問題を共に思考する「公共圏」を生み出す運動体となる過程を明らかにし、ポスト3.11時代の市民社会における映像実践の新たな価値として提示したい。

This study, using the method of visual anthropology, will review the possibility of " Self-Documentary" (individual, personal documentary films) created by the sufferers in the affected areas, visualizing their own "Everyday World" after the Great East Japan Earthquake. Although these visual practices are vitally important to consider the process of sharing disaster experiences and memories, there have been few researches about them. To find new value in visual practices of the citizens in Post 3.11 Japan, I will focus on interactions between various people by attending their filmmaking process including shooting, editing and showing films both in and out of Japan. Our project consists of 4 kinds of researches; construction of the database on "3.11 documentary films", comparative study of video archives and film festivals supporting them, ethnographic case studies of some specific practices of filmmaking by the affected in Sanriku and Fukushima, and an action research with such informants. Concretely we will hold Film-screening Workshops, collaborating with the Japanese and Chinese "Self-Documentary" filmmakers. I consider meaningful to make a platform for discussing the visual practices of the citizens of the two countries. This study will suggest that "3.11 Self-Documentary" had the power to involve many people and become a useful vehicle for constructing the "public sphere" in which various people can talk over "the insides of 3.11", "the recovery of the affected areas" and many other social problems.

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