2016 研究助成 Research Grant Program  /  (B)個人研究助成  (B) Individual Research Grants
(Grant Number)
(Project Title)
Positive Health Outcomes by Environmental Design: The role of spatial configuration in designing physical environment for people experiencing dementia
Farhana Ferdous
Department of Architecture, College of engineering and Architecture, Howard University
(Grant Amount)
企画書・概要 (Abstract of Project Proposal)

    物理的な環境は高齢者が社会とかかわりを持つ上でどのような役割を果たすのか―このテーマは環境老年学 の中心的な課題として長年にわたって研究されてきた。世界の60歳以上の人口は2050年までに20億人 に達すると予測される一方で、認知症高齢者の数は現在およそ2,500万人。2040年には8,000万人を超えると見られている。
    そこで本プロジェクトでは、これまでの研究を基に、接続性(=移動のしやすさ)と統合性(=距離の近さ)に配慮して設計されたケア施設では、入居者はより活動的になり、社会とのつながりも促進される」との仮定に立って、認知症高齢者向けケア施設の居住環境を検証する 。

    The relationship between the physical environment and prevalence of social interaction have been a core topic of inquiry in environmental gerontology. By 2050, it has been estimated that the world will number 2 billion older adults, aged ≥60 years. Among them around 25 million people worldwide have dementia, and the number of people with dementia is predicted to exceed 80 million by 2040. A growing body of literature in the areas of environment-behavior studies shows that the physical environment affects positive behavioral and physical changes, in turn, affecting individual, group and organizational outcomes, but little research has focused on older adults especially those with cognitive impairment by examining the indoor-outdoor environment of care facilities. Based upon previous research this study hypothesizes that the spatial configurations of care facilities (indoor and outdoor) characterized as having greater connectivity (accessibility) and integration (proximity) should promote a greater occurrence of physical activity and social interaction, which often is viewed as the most therapeutic and directly related to the quality of residents' positive health outcome. As an expected outcome, this study will be able to establish that by combining physical activity with social interaction, the environmental design could have a protective effect against dementia.

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