2016 研究助成 Research Grant Program  /  (A)共同研究助成  (A) Joint Research Grants
(Grant Number)
(Project Title)
Embedding the Apology in the Media: How civil society contributes to reconciliation
Claudia Astarita
Asia Institute, The University of Melbourne
(Grant Amount)
企画書・概要 (Abstract of Project Proposal)

    本プロジェクトでは、「公式な謝罪」「国際レジームの構築」「戦後の平和」の関係を紐解き、メディアと市民社会がいかに人びとの記憶に影響を与え和解を促してきたのか、それらの役割の大きさを明らかにする。具体的には、日本、ドイツ、イタリアのケーススタディを通して、第二次世界大戦終結後の謝罪に関する世論の形成にメディアが果たした役割と、メディアによるレトリックが戦後世界の平和と安定に及ぼした影響 を検証する。さらにインタビューや文献調査を行い、メディア、特にニュースメディアを新たな価値観や考え方を広める強力なツールとして活用し、和解プロセスの中に市民社会を抱き込むに至らしめた新たな認識の枠組みとパラダイムを考証する。

    Lasting reconciliation with former enemies after a war is a difficult and often distressful process. Peace is not a top-down practice and the entire civil society must be involved to make it successful. Official apologies have often been perceived as a symbolic yet effective tool to promote peace and reconciliation, and international regimes are often quoted as the optimal structure to consolidate stability. This project untangles the connections between formal apology, regime building and peace in post-war contexts, illustrating the critical role of media and civil society in influencing collective memory and fostering reconciliation. The case studies of Japan, Germany and Italy provide empirical evidence on how media critically shaped the narration of post-Second World War events and how this interpretation is instrumentally linked to the rhetoric on peace and stability. Interviews and archival research are used to elaborate on new cognitive frameworks and paradigms to transform media, and in particular new media, into powerful tools to spread new values and perspectives, embedding civil society in a virtuous reconciliation process. Findings on media-civil society synergies and their capacity to promote new values for the general public will be discussed in workshops, academic journals, policy papers, and a documentary film.

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