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助成対象詳細(Details)

   

2016 研究助成 Research Grant Program  /  (A)共同研究助成  (A) Joint Research Grants
助成番号
(Grant Number)
D16-R-0242
題目
(Project Title)
高齢者向け介護ロボットの検証―テクノロジーを利用した高齢者介護と福祉の実現に向けて―
Assessment of Socially Assistive Robotics in Elderly Care: Toward technologically integrated aged care and well-being in Japan and Australia
代表者名
(Representative)
アンソニー・エリオット
Anthony Elliott
代表者所属
(Organization)
南オーストラリア大学
University of South Australia
助成金額
(Grant Amount)
 5,000,000
企画書・概要 (Abstract of Project Proposal)

    高齢化が進み、人口に占める高齢者の割合が増加している。21世紀において世界各国が抱える大きな課題の1つである。そうしたなか、高齢者福祉に寄せられる期待に応え、介護費用の上昇を抑制するため、介護の新しい形としてロボットの導入が進められている。
    本プロジェクトでは、高齢者の自立支援においてロボットが果たす役割 を検証する際に基準となる概念や方法論を構築するとともに、高齢者の社会的孤立 といったリスクについても検証する。またオーストラリアと日本で開発中、またはすでに現場で使用されている介護ロボットを比較することにより、介護ロボットのあり方を規定する 社会的・文化的要因を特定する。
    本プロジェクトにより、介護ロボットが高齢者の社会参加に果たす役割への理解が促進され、ロボットの利用により効率的かつ低コスト介護サービスの提供が可能であることが証明されるであろう。
    プロジェクトの成果は学術論文などさまざまな機会 を通じて発表される。また2019年には、在日オーストラリア大使館(東京)と南オーストラリア大学(アデレード)において、関係者による会合が開かれる予定である。

    Population ageing a shift in the distribution of a country's population towards older ages - represents one of the great global challenges of the 21st century. As a consequence "socially assistive robotics" have been incorporated into new models of care to meet rising expectations regarding aged wellbeing, as well as to contain escalating costs of care provision. This project develops innovative conceptual and methodological platforms to examine how elderly people might interact with technologies to enhance their engagement with the world. It will also assess risks such as social isolation. Comparisons of socially assistive robotics currently being developed for or applied in care settings in Australia and Japan will be made to identify the social and cultural factors that influence how people in specific contexts interact with these technologies. The project will advance understanding of how socially assistive robotics provide older citizens with novel ways of participating in social life, underpinning new care values relating to effective and low-cost service provision. Findings will be disseminated through academic and non-academic research outputs. Stakeholder Summits will be convened in both Tokyo, at the Australian Embassy, and in Adelaide at UniSA in 2019.

実施報告書・概要 (Summary of Final Report)



Abstract for Final Report
Project title: Assessment of socially assistive robotics in elderly care: Toward technologically integrated aged care and well-being in Japan and Australia (TYTID D16-R-0242)
Project representative: Professor Anthony Elliott, University of South Australia.
Summary:
Population ageing – a shift in the distribution of a country’s population towards older ages – represents one of the great global challenges of the 21st Century. Responding to this challenge “socially assistive robotics” are being incorporated into new models of care to meet rising expectations regarding aged wellbeing, as well as contain escalating costs of care provision.
The aim of the study is to generate new sociological insights about how the development of robotic technologies have the potential to transform the lives of elderly people in Japan, and the opportunities and risks entailed. The study is specifically directed towards investigating how elderly people are culturally perceived by robot developers in Japan who are seeking to create technologies aimed at this social group.
The project commenced with a review of relevant literature from engineering and social sciences. Engineering studies were included only if they reflected on the ageing process, elderly people – including their needs, perceptions and capabilities - or on the entailments or concept of care. Much engineering and design literature was accordingly excluded, and of the remaining literature the main tendencies were to reproduce stylized views of ageing and the elderly as entailing illness, frailty, social isolation/loneliness and passivity in the receipt of care. Care tended to be treated in a dis-aggregated fashion amenable to task specific reverse engineering. This contrasted with the social science literature in which elderly users of technology were found to be active and creatively engaged with the technology, and care was approached more as a complex whole. Some recent convergence was detected in conjunction with a movement towards participatory design.
Following a preparatory phase (ethics approval and negotiating access to research sites/subject’s) fieldwork consisting of in-depth qualitative interviews commenced in Japan in March 2018 (Tokyo and Nagoya). A second tranche of fieldwork in Japan took place in October 2019 (Kanto and Kansei). A smaller number of Australian subjects were interviewed between November 2018 and February 2019. Subjects were senior and junior developers of a variety of robotic applications for use in aged care. Key findings were:
1. Ageing was essentialised, with the defining characteristics of the ageing population drawn from broad and generic demographic categories rather than direct engagement with older people;
2. The use of simplistic assumptions and stereotypes about ageing people was commonplace;
3. A techno-centric aspect strongly evident among the robot designers, along with the view that elderly users would eventually overcome their scepticism about the technologies and adopt them as beneficial in the light of their care-needs;
4. A less prevalent but still notable proportion of research subjects indicated an appreciation of the complexity and diversity of the aged population and the ageing experience and the need to engage both the recipients and providers of care.
The project was completed on schedule and the team is working on finalising outputs disseminating project outcomes. Through this project the working relationship between the Australian and Japanese team members has been strengthened and further collaborations are anticipated.
Outputs:
At the time of the completion of the project several outputs have been finalised and others are currently being prepared. Research findings from the project – with the Toyota Foundation’s support duly acknowledged – are reported in the analysis in Anthony Elliott’s recently published book The Culture of AI: Everyday Life and the Digital Revolution (2019, Routledge). The book is the lead title on the Routledge Sociology List, 2019. (Professor Elliott’s book will be translated into Japanese and published by the Akashi Publishing Company in 2020). A scholarly article, “The development of autonomous aged care technologies in Japan”, is due to be submitted to a journal such as Technological Forecasting and Social Change by or around the end of July 2019, and a book chapter ‘Technogenarians: Ageing and Robotic Care’, is being prepared under contract for inclusion in the Routledge Social Science Handbook of AI, published by Routledge.
Research from the project was reported at invited presentations in Japan (including the 2018 Australia - Japan Innovation and Research Symposium, Kyoto, and at the Faculty of Nursing and Medical Care, Keio University), Australia (at the 2018‘New Perspectives on the Digital Revolution: Media and Cultural Transformations’ Adelaide) and Canada (Dalhousie University Department of Sociology and Social Anthropology, Halifax, Nova Scotia). A Research Masterclass at the Technical University of Munich in 2018 was also centred on the projects research. On all occasions the Toyota Foundation’s support was acknowledged.
The team is currently discussing the feasibility of preparing materials and commentary developed through the critical literature review for publication as an open access resource on the Analysis and Policy Observatory online platform.


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