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助成対象詳細(Details)

   

2016 研究助成 Research Grant Program  /  (B)個人研究助成  (B) Individual Research Grants
助成番号
(Grant Number)
D16-R-0243
題目
(Project Title)
「お荷物」から「恩恵をもたらす人びと」へ―カンパラとベルリンにおける難民主導型人道支援の事例―
From "Burdens" to "Benefits": Exploring refugee-led humanitarian assistance in Kampala and Berlin
代表者名
(Representative)
エヴァン・エリース・イーストン‐カラブリア
Evan Elise Easton-Calabria
代表者所属
(Organization)
オクスフォード大学難民研究センター
Refugee Studies Centre, University of Oxford
助成金額
(Grant Amount)
 1,500,000
企画書・概要 (Abstract of Project Proposal)

    近年、世界では住み慣れた土地を離れざるをえない人びとが著しく増加しており、人道支援組織の対応が追いつかないこともしばしばである。実は支援組織による正式な支援と並行して、難民自身が仲間やコミュニティを支える活動を行っているケースは少なくない のだが、難民で構成される組織は支援の正式なパートナーとして認められておらず、難民主導型の人道支援に関する研究はほとんど行われていないのが現状である。
    そこで本プロジェクトでは、難民主導型支援の取り組みのうち、とりわけ関与度と緊急度の高い事例について検証する。具体的には、ウガンダのカンパラで長期にわたって難民生活を続けるコンゴ難民と、ドイツのベルリンに渡って間もないシリア難民による取り組みである。定量・定性調査により、コンゴ難民とシリア難民による難民主導型支援の実情を初めて明らかにするとともに、難民に対する一般の人びとの認識を「お荷物」から「恩恵をもたらす人びと」へと変える一助となりたい。また受容と連携を核心的な価値とする人道支援モデルの構築もめざす。
    本プロジェクトの成果は、政策立案者や支援関係者らに向けた提言や、難民向け難民主導型支援ガイドの作成に活かされる。また専門誌への記事投稿、関係者向けワークショップの開催、ポットキャスト配信などを通じて、政策関連分野の研究を推進し、難民主導型の取り組みが現在の難民支援モデルを根本から変える可能性があることを示したい。

    More people are displaced in the world than ever before,and humanitarian organisations are often overwhelmed with the amount of people in need. Yet alongside formal organisations, refugees help themselves and their communities in significant ways. However,little research exists on refugee-led humanitarian assistance,and refugee-led organisations are ignored in calls for formal humanitarian partnerships. This research examines refugee-led assistance initiatives in two refugee contexts of particular relevance and urgency: the long-term displacement of Congolese refugees in Kampala, Uganda, and the recent arrival of Syrian refugees in Berlin, Germany. Through qualitative and quantitative research, I aim to create the first evidence base of refugee-led assistance amongst Congolese and Syrian refugees, help transform the public perception of refugees from 'burdens' to'benefits',and develop a humanitarian assistance model with the values of inclusivity and partnership at its core. Based on my findings,I will provide recommendations for policymakers and practitioners and create evidence-based guides for refugee-led assistance aimed at refugees. Through journal articles, stakeholder workshops, and a podcast series for the public, I aim to advance a new policy-relevant area of study and demonstrate how refugee-led initiatives can fundamentally transform our existing refugee assistance models.

実施報告書・概要 (Summary of Final Report)



From ‘Burdens’ to ‘Benefits’: Exploring Refugee-Led Humanitarian Assistance

Toyota Foundation Grant
Project Summary
Dr. Evan Easton-Calabria
D16-R-0243


Through qualitative and quantitative research in Kampala, Uganda, and Berlin, Germany, this research project created an evidence base of refugee-led assistance amongst refugees from Syria, the Democratic Republic of Congo, Somalia, and South Sudan. In so doing it sought to promote the values of inclusivity and partnership within the international humanitarian system. This was done in part through drawing on theoretical frameworks of refugee integration and social capital.

Our research found that refugees engage in collective action and self-help across economic, political, and social contexts – and notably humanitarian assistance. Initially, grassroots support by Syrians in Berlin mainly took the form of helping refugees receive emergency assistance and navigate Germany’s asylum and registration bureaucracy. In the early days of high numbers of refugee arrivals, for instance, groups of Syrian refugees stationed themselves at main train stations in Germany, and equipped newcomers with maps, directions, and overviews of next steps to registering and finding shelter. However, in the last three years there has been a shift from providing logistics and daily life assistance to offering cultural, community, and creative support that meets refugees’ psychological, emotional, and personal needs. In many cases, these refugee-led efforts are now registered German organisations.

In Kampala, Uganda*, refugee-led organisations are important sources of social and practical resources for refugees. These organisations offer skills training in a variety of areas such as tailoring, arts and crafts, hairdressing and computer literacy. Functional adult literacy classes and basic to advanced English lessons are also provided. Organisations also offer community-based micro-savings and lending groups run by refugee leaders, which address refugees’ abiding exclusion from formal micro-finance institutions.
Despite their work, the capacity for refugees to self-organise and provide support is largely unrecognised and this, whether unintended or not, serves to perpetuate the perception of refugees as merely beneficiaries, even where guidance documents are designed to utilise their agency. Our research found that providing funding dedicated to sustaining and strengthening refugee-run organisations is an important step to take. A shift in current rhetoric and practice from seeking refugee participation in programmes to forming refugee partnerships to implement them – and thus holding the value of inclusivity at their core – is perhaps an even better one.
*The research in Uganda was conducted in tandem with a research project run by the Refugee Studies Centre, University of Oxford.

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