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助成対象詳細(Details)

   

2016 研究助成 Research Grant Program  /  (A)共同研究助成  
助成番号
(Grant Number)
D16-R-0736
題目
(Project Title)
東南アジアにおけるコミュニティ・ポリシングの実践から学ぶ―治安改善および警察改革へのインパクトの検討―
 
Community Policing in Southeast Asia: Assessing the impact on community security and police reform 
代表者名
(Representative)
木場 紗綾
Saya Kiba
代表者所属
(Organization)
同志社大学政策学部
Faculty of Policy Studies, Doshisha University
助成金額
(Grant Amount)
 5,800,000
企画書・概要 (Abstract of Project Proposal)

    警察と住民の参加協働によって地域内の諸問題の解決を図る「コミュニティ・ポリシング」を実施してきた東南アジアの新興民主主義国において、1)その帰結として地域の治安はどの程度改善されたのか、また、警察改革はどの程度実現したのか、2)各国によって改善・改革の度合いが異なる要因は何か、3)それら知見はどのように紛争予防に応用できるのか、の3つの問いを設定し、比較研究を実施する。
    インドネシア、タイ、フィリピン、ミャンマーの4カ国を対象とし、それぞれの国を専門とする研究者および、各国で実際にコミュニティ・ポリシングに従事した経験を有する日本や欧州の警察官僚、現地の警察官僚、事業を財政的・技術的に支援してきたドナー(日本の国際協力機構JICAやスイスのGeneva Centre for the Democratic Control of Armed Forces:DCAF, 英国のSaferworldなど)と共同で研究会を開催し、複数の事例から教訓および知見を共有する手段を議論する。
    さらに、コミュニティ・ポリシングを平和構築や紛争予防に適用していくための手法や枠組みを提示する。

    This project will analyze community policing in some of the new democracies of Southeast Asia to widen our understanding of security sector governance in the region, a crucial field of study yet to be developed.
    In Southeast Asian countries, non-state security actors, such as private security companies, militia, and armed local vigilantes, continue to play traditional roles in maintaining community security. Over the past few decades, however, community policing (CP) activities have been introduced in some new democracies as an instrument to improve the safety and security of local communities.
    CP's unique participatory approach, which encourages collaboration between the police and community members, is said to help enhance a number of police reform efforts, including anti-corruption, trust-building with communities, human rights awareness, and gender sensitivity. CP programs in these countries have been technically and financially supported by the police of Western countries (particularly the U.K.) and Japan, and by institutions like the Geneva Centre for the Democratic Control of Armed Forces, SaferWorld, the Hanns Seidel Foundation, and the Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA). 
    Against this background, this project tries to answer the following questions:
    1) to what extent and in what way have CP initiatives been effective in achieving community security and reinforcing police reform?  
    2) how have CP support programs influenced the progress of police reforms in Southeast Asia? Do the programs effect common reform results, or do they bring about outcomes unique to each country? Why do they occur?
    3) how those lessens learnt can be applied to conflict prevention or peacebuilding projects in the region in future?
    This project invites scholars and experts in the field of CP and other related areas to discuss these questions. Their presentations cover issues including theories pertaining to CP, and cases from Indonesia, Thailand, the Philippines, and Myanmar.

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