2016 研究助成 Research Grant Program  /  (A)共同研究助成  
(Grant Number)
(Project Title)
Community Policing in Southeast Asia: Assessing the impact on community security and police reform 
木場 紗綾
Saya Kiba
Faculty of Intercultural Communication, Komatsu University
(Grant Amount)
企画書・概要 (Abstract of Project Proposal)

    インドネシア、タイ、フィリピン、ミャンマーの4カ国を対象とし、それぞれの国を専門とする研究者および、各国で実際にコミュニティ・ポリシングに従事した経験を有する日本や欧州の警察官僚、現地の警察官僚、事業を財政的・技術的に支援してきたドナー(日本の国際協力機構JICAやスイスのGeneva Centre for the Democratic Control of Armed Forces:DCAF, 英国のSaferworldなど)と共同で研究会を開催し、複数の事例から教訓および知見を共有する手段を議論する。

    This project will analyze community policing in some of the new democracies of Southeast Asia to widen our understanding of security sector governance in the region, a crucial field of study yet to be developed.
    In Southeast Asian countries, non-state security actors, such as private security companies, militia, and armed local vigilantes, continue to play traditional roles in maintaining community security. Over the past few decades, however, community policing (CP) activities have been introduced in some new democracies as an instrument to improve the safety and security of local communities.
    CP's unique participatory approach, which encourages collaboration between the police and community members, is said to help enhance a number of police reform efforts, including anti-corruption, trust-building with communities, human rights awareness, and gender sensitivity. CP programs in these countries have been technically and financially supported by the police of Western countries (particularly the U.K.) and Japan, and by institutions like the Geneva Centre for the Democratic Control of Armed Forces, SaferWorld, the Hanns Seidel Foundation, and the Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA). 
    Against this background, this project tries to answer the following questions:
    1) to what extent and in what way have CP initiatives been effective in achieving community security and reinforcing police reform?  
    2) how have CP support programs influenced the progress of police reforms in Southeast Asia? Do the programs effect common reform results, or do they bring about outcomes unique to each country? Why do they occur?
    3) how those lessens learnt can be applied to conflict prevention or peacebuilding projects in the region in future?
    This project invites scholars and experts in the field of CP and other related areas to discuss these questions. Their presentations cover issues including theories pertaining to CP, and cases from Indonesia, Thailand, the Philippines, and Myanmar.

実施報告書・概要 (Summary of Final Report)


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