2016 研究助成 Research Grant Program  /  (B)個人研究助成  
(Grant Number)
(Project Title)
A Socioecomomic Analysis on Reversed Gender Disparity in Education from Development Studies Perspective: A case from the Philippines
岡部 正義
Masayoshi Okabe
Graduate School of Arts and Sciences, The University of Tokyo
(Grant Amount)
企画書・概要 (Abstract of Project Proposal)


    A foremost aim of this research project is to explore the background and contingent conditions of the so-called reversed gender disparity favourable for girls/women in education in the Philippines from socioeconomic and development perspectives. This reversed gender disparity is uniquely typical in the Philippines, e.g., the Gender Parity Index by UNESCO shows the country is a top-level one on this tendency. When it comes to the topic of gender and education, or more broadly, of gender and development, the lens and affirmative actions to promote girl's education have so far been emphasized and boys have there been rather absent. However, these are not necessarily applicable to the Philippines, where the reversed gap has long persisted. Some literature on this issue has partly succeeded in rationalising the background or causality; at the same time, however, those findings in literature can be said common in other developing economies and therefore there is room to further persistently investigate on this intriguing problem in the Philippine context, which is potentially relevant to the girl-boy equal international human development policies. 
    For that aim sake, unlike some literature employing deductive approaches, this project is intentionally to employ exploratory/inductive approaches by gathering primary data to empirically analyse (as a visiting researcher, University of the Philippines for two years from January 2017), which are more common in area studies while few in economics (great exceptions in economics includes Townsend, R. 1995. "Financial Systems in Northern Thai Villages." Quarterly Journal of Economics 110, no. 4: pp. 1011-46, and its affected study, Sawada, Y., and M. Lokshin. 2009. "Obstacles to school progression in rural Pakistan: An analysis of gender and sibling rivalry using field survey data." Journal of Development Economics 88, no.2: pp.335-47, among others). In so doing, this project is expected to contribute to the recently emerging necessity of boy's development.

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