2016 研究助成 Research Grant Program  /  (B)個人研究助成  
(Grant Number)
(Project Title)
A Comparative Study on the Bottom-up Initiatives by Local Citizens in Promoting Water Environment Utilization and Preservation in Japan and China
陳 愛国
Aiguo Chen
School of Humanities, Shanghai Jiao Tong University
(Grant Amount)
企画書・概要 (Abstract of Project Proposal)


    Aquatic environment purification and preservation are increasingly crucial in achieving a sustainable society. It was not uncommon that the extant research approached the issue of aquatic environment purification and preservation from the viewpoints of national policies or application of science and technology in a top-down manner. It is undeniable that the models of citizen participation, multi-actor collaboration or whole drainage system for preserving the water environment has been increased and has contributed significantly in the case of Japanese society. However, in the case of many developing countries, the government-initiated mechanisms and initiatives based on science and technology application tend to play the dominant role. In addition, it is the common practice that local citizens compromise to participate in those initiatives under external forces. Therefore, it becomes an urgent issue to clarify how to put more focus on the standpoint of local citizens, folk knowledge and organizations and how to guarantee the local citizens' rights to water utilization meanwhile building the system to promote water environment preservation based on bottom-up initiatives by citizens. This research conducts a comparative study on the lakes' and rivers' basins in Japan and China by taking the Biwa lake of Shiga prefecture in Japan and Erhai lake of Yunnan province in China as case studies. It aims at examining empirically the system construction in promoting the water environment utilization and preservation based on bottom-up initiatives by local citizens in China and meanwhile explore new evidence on the application of the Japanese model of environmental sustainability in the international context.

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