2017 2017年度 研究助成プログラム Research Grant Program 2017  /  (B)個人研究助成  (B) Individual Research Grants
(Grant Number)
(Project Title)
India's Biometric Identity Project: Data privacy and new social values for wider society in the information age
パワン ディープ シン
Pawan Deep Singh
Faculty of Arts and Education, Deakin University
(Grant Amount)
企画書・概要 (Abstract of Project Proposal)


 This project addresses the contentious public policy issue of privacy in India. The 2017 Indian Supreme Court held privacy to be a fundamental right. However, the ongoing legal case (2018) challenging the government's implementation of mandatory biometric identity for social welfare and services has highlighted concerns of data breaches and mass surveillance in the absence of strong data protection laws. This project examines the privacy discourse in India to understand how the government's biometric identity project conflicts with privacy as a fundamental right and will require new social values to be conceptualized in the context of data privacy breaches, social profiling, online behaviour tracking and state surveillance. It draws upon media/technology studies, legal studies and postcolonial history and employs qualitative methods including archival and textual analysis, media analysis and in-depth interviews. It offers a socio-legal, historical and technological account of privacy to identify new values in the context of wider society's expectation of personal data protection and the simultaneous need for robust data protection policies for digital governance in the information age: 1. Information integrity: Encompasses security of data flows across networks. 2. Information autonomy: Gives individuals control over data, freedom from being tracked/identified online, right to anonymity.

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