(Grant Number)
(Project Title)
Harmonisation towards the establishment of Person-centred, Robotics-aided Care System (HARP: RoCS)
小舘 尚文
Naonori Kodate
University College Dublin, Assistant Professor in Social Policy
University College Dublin
(Grant Amount)
企画書・概要 (Abstract of Project Proposal)

「ソサエティー5.0」の実現とそのグローバル・リーダーとなることを目指す日本は、ロボット技術の進歩に、産官学連携で取り組んできた。一方、著しく進展する超高齢化の中で、高度化するロボットを日本ではどのように医療介護分野で活用するのかを世界は注視している。本企画は、介護ロボットと人間の共創にむけて、日本発の社会実装モデルの実現・輸出を目指す第一歩として、日本・アイルランド(愛)を核とする国際研究チームを作り、政策実務家他へのヒヤリング調査、そして実証実験を行う。限られた医療資源の中で、パーソナルケアを実現するためには、テクノロジー活用は必須である。しかし、社会実装には文化、法規制、倫理、人材育成への配慮も欠かせない。初年度は、日・愛・フランス・香港の研究者で、各国の介護政策・ロボット開発・使用状況を調査し、シンポジウムを開催する。次年度には、日・愛で、介護施設におけるロボット見守りシステムの導入・実証試験を行う。プロジェクトの 2 年間を通じて、専門・年齢・国籍を越えたネットワーク創りや若手人材育成も目指し、将来の在宅ケア環境における支援ロボットとの共創社会にむけたロードマップ作成に踏み出す。

With the goal of realising "Society 5.0" and becoming its world pioneer, Japan has been advancing robotics technology in cooperation with industry, government and academia. The country’s rapidly aging society has also served as a driving force for further development of assistive technologies (ATs) and high expectations for a robotics-aided care system. Due to a shortage of care workers and a changing family structure, there is no doubt that these technologies will be more widely used in health and social care domains in the future. Against such a background, this project will consider and explore factors that affect the realisation of a "social implementation" model where humans and care robots can coexist in harmony. The international and interdisciplinary research team, primarily based in Ireland and Japan, will first examine cultural and policy differences among two Asian (Japan & Hong Kong) and two European jurisdictions (Ireland & France) around the current use of ATs, with a particular focus on robots. The first phase includes semi-structured interviews with policymakers and health and social care professionals. In the second phase, the Irish and Japanese team will introduce a biosensor-based monitoring system and a variety of therapeutic robots (a combination of low- and high-fidelity animal dolls) to one residential nursing home in each of the jurisdictions for 3 months. The impacts on service users, care professionals and family carers will be assessed, using a standardised assessment method (e.g. InterRAI). Although the use of ATs is essential for realising person-centred care under limited healthcare resources, one should also take into account the policy context, cultural norms, laws and regulations, education & training, and ethics. Therefore, the project aims to create a roadmap for coexistence of care robots and humans in a home environment, while creating a network of researchers across disciplines, ages, and nationalities and also attracting future talent in this research domain.

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